The Luminescence of 1,8-Diazafluoren-9-One/Titanium Dioxide Composite Thin Films for Optical Application.Materials (Basel). 2020 Jul 06; 13(13)M
The investigation of innovative label-free α-amino acids detection methods represents a crucial step for the early diagnosis of several diseases. While 1,8-diazafluoren-9-one (DFO) is known in forensic application because of the fluorescent products by reacting with the amino acids present in the papillary exudate, its application for diagnostic purposes has not been fully investigated. The stabilization of DFO over a transparent substrate allows its complexation with biomolecules for the detection of α-amino acids. In this study, DFO was immobilized into a titanium dioxide (TiO2) matrix for the fluorescence detection of glycine, as a target α-amino acid (a potential marker of the urogenital tract cancers). The DFO/TiO2 composite was characterized by atomic force microscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, fluorescence spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy. The performed fluorescent studies indicate spectacular formation of aggregates at higher concentration. The measurements performed using various fluorescence and microscopic techniques together with the suitable analysis show that the aggregates are able to emit short-lived fluorescence.