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Sandifer Syndrome

Abstract
Sandifer syndrome (SS) is a type of movement disorder that constitutes paroxysmal spasms of head, neck, and back arching but spares the limbs. SS is often associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) in children. Due to the abnormal posturing, parents may describe the dystonic episodes of SS as possible seizures. Therefore this causes great concern among parents and poses a diagnostic dilemma to the physicians. An increased number of these patients may obtain a referral to a pediatric neurologist for management of this condition leading to expensive diagnostic tests like MRI or EEG and antiepileptic medication management. Kotagal, et al. studied patients in an epileptic unit with an established diagnosis of an epileptic disorder and found that around 16 % of them presented with GERD as the underlying cause, also, the average time of duration of symptoms and the length of treatment before a correct diagnosis was about one year.[1] The primary care providers are urged to keep Sandifer syndrome in the differential diagnosis of nonepileptic paroxysmal dystonic events and abnormal posturing since a correct and timely diagnosis of SS leads to complete resolution of the symptoms.[2]

Publisher

StatPearls Publishing
Treasure Island (FL)

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32644332

Citation

Patil S, Tas V: Sandifer Syndrome. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing, 2020, Treasure Island (FL).
Patil S, Tas V. Sandifer Syndrome. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
Patil S & Tas V. (2020). Sandifer Syndrome. In StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing
Patil S, Tas V. Sandifer Syndrome. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - CHAP T1 - Sandifer Syndrome BT - StatPearls A1 - Patil,Sowmya, AU - Tas,Vildan, Y1 - 2020/01// PY - 2020/7/10/pubmed PY - 2020/7/10/medline PY - 2020/7/10/entrez N2 - Sandifer syndrome (SS) is a type of movement disorder that constitutes paroxysmal spasms of head, neck, and back arching but spares the limbs. SS is often associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) in children. Due to the abnormal posturing, parents may describe the dystonic episodes of SS as possible seizures. Therefore this causes great concern among parents and poses a diagnostic dilemma to the physicians. An increased number of these patients may obtain a referral to a pediatric neurologist for management of this condition leading to expensive diagnostic tests like MRI or EEG and antiepileptic medication management. Kotagal, et al. studied patients in an epileptic unit with an established diagnosis of an epileptic disorder and found that around 16 % of them presented with GERD as the underlying cause, also, the average time of duration of symptoms and the length of treatment before a correct diagnosis was about one year.[1] The primary care providers are urged to keep Sandifer syndrome in the differential diagnosis of nonepileptic paroxysmal dystonic events and abnormal posturing since a correct and timely diagnosis of SS leads to complete resolution of the symptoms.[2] PB - StatPearls Publishing CY - Treasure Island (FL) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32644332/StatPearls:_Sandifer_Syndrome L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK558906 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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