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Keratitis

Abstract
Keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea and is characterized by corneal edema, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and ciliary congestion. It is associated with both infectious and non-infectious diseases, which may be systemic or localized to the ocular surface. Amongst the types of keratitis discussed above, "microbial keratitis" accounts for the majority and is primarily a cause of major concern in developing countries. However, noninfectious keratitis can not be looked down upon, especially in developed nations. Our first line of defense is strong enough to dispel most of the infection, causing insults; however, there exist some organisms which can evade this line and cause infection. The corneal epithelium is one such barrier. Most of the organisms cannot penetrate intact epithelium, so they cannot incite keratitis in the absence of cellular injury. Neisseria meningitides, N. gonorrhea, Corynebacterium diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae, and Listeria species are the virulent organisms with the potential to penetrate even intact epithelium and cause keratitis.[1] This article talks about the etiology and available current and future management options of different types of keratitis.

Publisher

StatPearls Publishing
Treasure Island (FL)

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32644440

Citation

Singh P, Gupta A, Tripathy K: Keratitis. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing, 2020, Treasure Island (FL).
Singh P, Gupta A, Tripathy K. Keratitis. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
Singh P & Gupta A & Tripathy K. (2020). Keratitis. In StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing
Singh P, Gupta A, Tripathy K. Keratitis. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - CHAP T1 - Keratitis BT - StatPearls A1 - Singh,Prabhakar, AU - Gupta,Abhishek, AU - Tripathy,Koushik, Y1 - 2020/01// PY - 2020/7/10/pubmed PY - 2020/7/10/medline PY - 2020/7/10/entrez N2 - Keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea and is characterized by corneal edema, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and ciliary congestion. It is associated with both infectious and non-infectious diseases, which may be systemic or localized to the ocular surface. Amongst the types of keratitis discussed above, "microbial keratitis" accounts for the majority and is primarily a cause of major concern in developing countries. However, noninfectious keratitis can not be looked down upon, especially in developed nations. Our first line of defense is strong enough to dispel most of the infection, causing insults; however, there exist some organisms which can evade this line and cause infection. The corneal epithelium is one such barrier. Most of the organisms cannot penetrate intact epithelium, so they cannot incite keratitis in the absence of cellular injury. Neisseria meningitides, N. gonorrhea, Corynebacterium diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae, and Listeria species are the virulent organisms with the potential to penetrate even intact epithelium and cause keratitis.[1] This article talks about the etiology and available current and future management options of different types of keratitis. PB - StatPearls Publishing CY - Treasure Island (FL) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32644440/StatPearls:_Keratitis L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559014 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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