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Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)

Abstract
Onchocerciasis, also known as the African river blindness, is the second most important cause of infectious blindness worldwide after trachoma. It is caused by the filarial nematode, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted by repeated bites of the vector, female black fly of the genus Simulium damnosum. The vector breeds in fast-flowing and oxygen-rich rivers in affected areas with transmission and disease prevalence usually stretching along these river basins and thereby the name river blindness.[1] Aside from blindness, onchocerciasis results in a troubling chronic dermatitis.[1]

Publisher

StatPearls Publishing
Treasure Island (FL)

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32644453

Citation

Okonkwo ON, Tripathy K, Gyasi ME: Onchocerciasis (River Blindness). StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing, 2020, Treasure Island (FL).
Okonkwo ON, Tripathy K, Gyasi ME. Onchocerciasis (River Blindness). StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
Okonkwo ON & Tripathy K & Gyasi ME. (2020). Onchocerciasis (River Blindness). In StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing
Okonkwo ON, Tripathy K, Gyasi ME. Onchocerciasis (River Blindness). StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - CHAP T1 - Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) BT - StatPearls A1 - Okonkwo,Ogugua N., AU - Tripathy,Koushik, AU - Gyasi,Michael E., Y1 - 2020/01// PY - 2020/7/10/pubmed PY - 2020/7/10/medline PY - 2020/7/10/entrez N2 - Onchocerciasis, also known as the African river blindness, is the second most important cause of infectious blindness worldwide after trachoma. It is caused by the filarial nematode, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted by repeated bites of the vector, female black fly of the genus Simulium damnosum. The vector breeds in fast-flowing and oxygen-rich rivers in affected areas with transmission and disease prevalence usually stretching along these river basins and thereby the name river blindness.[1] Aside from blindness, onchocerciasis results in a troubling chronic dermatitis.[1] PB - StatPearls Publishing CY - Treasure Island (FL) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32644453/StatPearls:_Onchocerciasis_(River_Blindness) L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559027 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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