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Ocular Tuberculosis

Abstract
Ocular tuberculosis is a clinical disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB). It has various modes of transmission, and it can infect virtually any ocular tissue. Much like the ability of syphilis to mimic various skin conditions, TB should be thought of as “the great imitator” of ocular pathologies. Choroidal tubercles were first anatomically described in 1855 and identified with an ophthalmoscope in 1867. One year after the discovery of the organism, TB was identified in the eye in 1883.[1] An autopsy study of military TB in 1950 even reported that eye examination exceeded chest radiography in diagnostic sensitivity.[2] Since this time, TB has become increasingly rare in Western nations, and advancements in laboratory diagnostic tests have led eye examinations for choroidal tubercles to fall out of favor in recommendations and guidelines. More than 1.7 billion people are estimated to be infected with TB. Globally, it is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent and the leading cause of death among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.[3] It is important to recognize ocular TB as a clinical manifestation of extrapulmonary TB. A timely diagnosis can lead to early initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT) and prevent poor patient outcomes.

Publisher

StatPearls Publishing
Treasure Island (FL)

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32644729

Citation

Neuhouser AJ, Sallam A: Ocular Tuberculosis. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing, 2020, Treasure Island (FL).
Neuhouser AJ, Sallam A. Ocular Tuberculosis. StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
Neuhouser AJ & Sallam A. (2020). Ocular Tuberculosis. In StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing
Neuhouser AJ, Sallam A. Ocular Tuberculosis. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - CHAP T1 - Ocular Tuberculosis BT - StatPearls A1 - Neuhouser,Adam J., AU - Sallam,Ahmed, Y1 - 2020/01// PY - 2020/7/10/pubmed PY - 2020/7/10/medline PY - 2020/7/10/entrez N2 - Ocular tuberculosis is a clinical disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB). It has various modes of transmission, and it can infect virtually any ocular tissue. Much like the ability of syphilis to mimic various skin conditions, TB should be thought of as “the great imitator” of ocular pathologies. Choroidal tubercles were first anatomically described in 1855 and identified with an ophthalmoscope in 1867. One year after the discovery of the organism, TB was identified in the eye in 1883.[1] An autopsy study of military TB in 1950 even reported that eye examination exceeded chest radiography in diagnostic sensitivity.[2] Since this time, TB has become increasingly rare in Western nations, and advancements in laboratory diagnostic tests have led eye examinations for choroidal tubercles to fall out of favor in recommendations and guidelines. More than 1.7 billion people are estimated to be infected with TB. Globally, it is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent and the leading cause of death among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.[3] It is important to recognize ocular TB as a clinical manifestation of extrapulmonary TB. A timely diagnosis can lead to early initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT) and prevent poor patient outcomes. PB - StatPearls Publishing CY - Treasure Island (FL) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32644729/StatPearls:_Ocular_Tuberculosis L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559303 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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