Cardiac hydatid cyst in the right ventricle: An unusual case at a rare site.J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2020 Jun; 15(3):249-252.JT
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection by the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. It affects liver, lungs and rarely other organs. Medical imaging provide the basis for diagnosis. This case report describes an extremely rare location of cardiac hydatid cyst in the right ventricle of the heart. We describe a 23-year-old woman who presented with shortness of breath and productive cough. Laboratory investigations showed marked eosinophilia and anemia. Chest radiography and abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) identified two well-defined fluid densities in the right ventricle without contrast enhancement. A transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed two cystic lesions in the right ventricular cavity that was attached to the interventricular septum. Hydatid cyst was the most likely diagnosis followed by the possibility of a congenital cardiac cyst. An open-heart surgery with cardiac cystectomy was performed. Post-operative analysis of the resected specimens showed multiple hydatid cysts with living scolices of Echinococcus granulosus. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged on oral albendazole.