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Air quality during the COVID-19: PM2.5 analysis in the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world.
Environ Pollut. 2020 Nov; 266(Pt 1):115042.EP

Abstract

On December 31, 2019, the Chinese authorities reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) the outbreak of a new strain of coronavirus that causes a serious disease in the city of Wuhan, China. This outbreak was classified as SARS-CoV2 and is the cause of the COVID-19 disease. On March 11, 2020, the WHO declares it a Pandemic and today it is considered the greatest challenge in global health that humanity has faced since World War II and it is estimated that between 40 and 60% of the population worldwide will catch the virus. This has caused enormous challenges in countries around the world in social, economic, environmental and obviously health issues. These challenges are mainly due to the effects of the established quarantines in almost all capitals and major cities around the world, from Asia, Europe to America. However, these lockdown which began worldwide from January 23, have had a significant impact on the environment and on the air quality of cities as recently reported by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and ESA (European Space Agency), with reductions according to them of up to 30% in some of the epicenters such as the case of Wuhan. Knowing that air pollution causes approximately 29% of lung cancer deaths, 43% of COPD deaths, and 25% of ischemic heart disease deaths, it is important to know the effects of quarantines in cities regarding air quality to take measures that favor populations and urban ecosystems when the emergency ends. Therefore, this paper describes the behavior of PM2.5 emissions particulate matter from the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world according to the WHO, measured before-after the start of the quarantine. Likewise, the impact at the local and global level of this emissions behavior, which averaged 12% of PM2.5 decrease in these cities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidad de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain. Electronic address: daniella.rodriguez.02@ull.edu.es.Universidad EAN, Bogotá, Colombia. Electronic address: lrodriguezu@universidadean.edu.co.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32650158

Citation

Rodríguez-Urrego, Daniella, and Leonardo Rodríguez-Urrego. "Air Quality During the COVID-19: PM2.5 Analysis in the 50 Most Polluted Capital Cities in the World." Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), vol. 266, no. Pt 1, 2020, p. 115042.
Rodríguez-Urrego D, Rodríguez-Urrego L. Air quality during the COVID-19: PM2.5 analysis in the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world. Environ Pollut. 2020;266(Pt 1):115042.
Rodríguez-Urrego, D., & Rodríguez-Urrego, L. (2020). Air quality during the COVID-19: PM2.5 analysis in the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world. Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 266(Pt 1), 115042. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115042
Rodríguez-Urrego D, Rodríguez-Urrego L. Air Quality During the COVID-19: PM2.5 Analysis in the 50 Most Polluted Capital Cities in the World. Environ Pollut. 2020;266(Pt 1):115042. PubMed PMID: 32650158.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Air quality during the COVID-19: PM2.5 analysis in the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world. AU - Rodríguez-Urrego,Daniella, AU - Rodríguez-Urrego,Leonardo, Y1 - 2020/07/03/ PY - 2020/05/14/received PY - 2020/06/07/revised PY - 2020/06/14/accepted PY - 2020/7/11/pubmed PY - 2020/9/17/medline PY - 2020/7/11/entrez KW - Air pollutant emissions KW - Capital cities KW - Environmental pollution KW - PM(2.5) SP - 115042 EP - 115042 JF - Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) JO - Environ Pollut VL - 266 IS - Pt 1 N2 - On December 31, 2019, the Chinese authorities reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) the outbreak of a new strain of coronavirus that causes a serious disease in the city of Wuhan, China. This outbreak was classified as SARS-CoV2 and is the cause of the COVID-19 disease. On March 11, 2020, the WHO declares it a Pandemic and today it is considered the greatest challenge in global health that humanity has faced since World War II and it is estimated that between 40 and 60% of the population worldwide will catch the virus. This has caused enormous challenges in countries around the world in social, economic, environmental and obviously health issues. These challenges are mainly due to the effects of the established quarantines in almost all capitals and major cities around the world, from Asia, Europe to America. However, these lockdown which began worldwide from January 23, have had a significant impact on the environment and on the air quality of cities as recently reported by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and ESA (European Space Agency), with reductions according to them of up to 30% in some of the epicenters such as the case of Wuhan. Knowing that air pollution causes approximately 29% of lung cancer deaths, 43% of COPD deaths, and 25% of ischemic heart disease deaths, it is important to know the effects of quarantines in cities regarding air quality to take measures that favor populations and urban ecosystems when the emergency ends. Therefore, this paper describes the behavior of PM2.5 emissions particulate matter from the 50 most polluted capital cities in the world according to the WHO, measured before-after the start of the quarantine. Likewise, the impact at the local and global level of this emissions behavior, which averaged 12% of PM2.5 decrease in these cities. SN - 1873-6424 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32650158/Air_quality_during_the_COVID_19:_PM2_5_analysis_in_the_50_most_polluted_capital_cities_in_the_world_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0269-7491(20)33763-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -