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Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system: from the immunocompetent to the immunocompromised child.
Pediatr Radiol. 2020 Jul 10 [Online ahead of print]PR

Abstract

Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system in children can represent a severe clinical condition that needs a prompt diagnosis and management. However, the aetiological diagnosis can be challenging because symptoms are often nonspecific and cerebrospinal fluid analysis is not always diagnostic. In this context, neuroimaging represents a helpful tool, even though radiologic patterns sometimes overlap. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to suggest a schematic representation of different radiologic patterns of non-congenital viral encephalomyelitis based on the predominant viral tropism and vulnerability of specific regions: cortical grey matter, deep grey matter, white matter, brainstem, cerebellum and spine.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK.Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy. Neuroradiology Unit, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, 00100, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, 00100, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.Neuroradiology Unit, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, 00100, Rome, Italy.Department of Paediatric Neurology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK.Pediatric and Infectious Diseases Unit, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.Neuroradiology Unit, NESMOS Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy. mcamilla.rossi@opbg.net. Neuroradiology Unit, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, 00100, Rome, Italy. mcamilla.rossi@opbg.net.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32651625

Citation

Moltoni, Giulia, et al. "Non-congenital Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System: From the Immunocompetent to the Immunocompromised Child." Pediatric Radiology, 2020.
Moltoni G, D'Arco F, Pasquini L, et al. Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system: from the immunocompetent to the immunocompromised child. Pediatr Radiol. 2020.
Moltoni, G., D'Arco, F., Pasquini, L., Carducci, C., Bhatia, A., Longo, D., Kaliakatsos, M., Lancella, L., Romano, A., Di Napoli, A., Bozzao, A., & Rossi-Espagnet, M. C. (2020). Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system: from the immunocompetent to the immunocompromised child. Pediatric Radiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-020-04746-6
Moltoni G, et al. Non-congenital Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System: From the Immunocompetent to the Immunocompromised Child. Pediatr Radiol. 2020 Jul 10; PubMed PMID: 32651625.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system: from the immunocompetent to the immunocompromised child. AU - Moltoni,Giulia, AU - D'Arco,Felice, AU - Pasquini,Luca, AU - Carducci,Chiara, AU - Bhatia,Aashim, AU - Longo,Daniela, AU - Kaliakatsos,Marios, AU - Lancella,Laura, AU - Romano,Andrea, AU - Di Napoli,Alberto, AU - Bozzao,Alessandro, AU - Rossi-Espagnet,Maria Camilla, Y1 - 2020/07/10/ PY - 2019/12/30/received PY - 2020/05/25/accepted PY - 2020/04/14/revised PY - 2020/7/12/entrez KW - Central nervous system KW - Children KW - Encephalitis KW - Magnetic resonance imaging KW - Myelitis KW - Viral infection KW - Viral tropism JF - Pediatric radiology JO - Pediatr Radiol N2 - Non-congenital viral infections of the central nervous system in children can represent a severe clinical condition that needs a prompt diagnosis and management. However, the aetiological diagnosis can be challenging because symptoms are often nonspecific and cerebrospinal fluid analysis is not always diagnostic. In this context, neuroimaging represents a helpful tool, even though radiologic patterns sometimes overlap. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to suggest a schematic representation of different radiologic patterns of non-congenital viral encephalomyelitis based on the predominant viral tropism and vulnerability of specific regions: cortical grey matter, deep grey matter, white matter, brainstem, cerebellum and spine. SN - 1432-1998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32651625/Non-congenital_viral_infections_of_the_central_nervous_system:_from_the_immunocompetent_to_the_immunocompromised_child L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-020-04746-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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