Adaptation and validation of a nursing competencies framework for clinical practice on a continuum of care from childhood to adulthood: A Delphi study.Nurse Educ Today. 2020 Jul 05; 93:104530.NE
Too few of nursing competencies framework exceed applicability to a given environment, are validated by a research process or used to guide continuing development of nursing competencies.
The study objectives were: 1) to adapt and validate a nursing competencies framework from the continuum of care from childhood to adulthood and 2) to explore implementation strategies.
A collaborative approach including nurses from different practice perspectives. A modified Delphi method supported the adaptation and the validation of a nursing competencies framework.
This study was conducted in a pediatric and an adult care university hospitals in Montreal.
Forty-two nurses were recruited from both university hospitals.
A modified Delphi study was conducted. An online questionnaire, containing dichotomous and open-ended questions, was used to collect data on the nursing competencies framework and the suggested implementation strategies for its use. Consensus percentage was calculated, and thematic analysis was used to analyze nurses' comments and implementation strategies suggested.
The nursing competencies framework (NCF), adapted and validated in this study, includes seven competencies and four development stages, from advanced beginner to clinical expert nurses. After three rounds, the nursing competencies framework describes the professional role from the continuum of care from childhood to adulthood, and proposes a self-assessment tool that promotes professional development and continuing education of nurses. Moreover, four strategies for implementing the framework in the clinical setting obtained a consensus of 70% or more.
A nursing competencies framework was validated by a rigorous research process and adapted to diverse contexts of care. The results revealed a common vision of the nursing practice for patients and their families on the life course from childhood to adulthood. This innovative framework carries the potential to be a relevant and unique reference tool. The nursing competencies framework can provide guidance for the development of nurses' competencies in clinical setting. Additionally, it is a relevant reference that should be use for knowing the scope and the standards of the professional practice in nursing education.