LPAR2 receptor activation attenuates radiation-induced disruption of apical junctional complexes and mucosal barrier dysfunction in mouse colon.FASEB J. 2020 Jul 12 [Online ahead of print]FJ
The tight junction (TJ) and barrier function of colonic epithelium is highly sensitive to ionizing radiation. We evaluated the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and its analog, Radioprotein-1, on γ-radiation-induced colonic epithelial barrier dysfunction using Caco-2 and m-ICC12 cell monolayers in vitro and mice in vivo. Mice were subjected to either total body irradiation (TBI) or partial body irradiation (PBI-BM5). Intestinal barrier function was assessed by analyzing immunofluorescence localization of TJ proteins, mucosal inulin permeability, and plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels. Oxidative stress was analyzed by measuring protein thiol oxidation and antioxidant mRNA. In Caco-2 and m-ICC12 cell monolayers, LPA attenuated radiation-induced redistribution of TJ proteins, which was blocked by a Rho-kinase inhibitor. In mice, TBI and PBI-BM5 disrupted colonic epithelial tight junction and adherens junction, increased mucosal permeability, and elevated plasma LPS; TJ disruption by TBI was more severe in Lpar2-/- mice compared to wild-type mice. RP1, administered before or after irradiation, alleviated TBI and PBI-BM5-induced TJ disruption, barrier dysfunction, and endotoxemia accompanied by protein thiol oxidation and downregulation of antioxidant gene expression, cofilin activation, and remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. These data demonstrate that LPAR2 receptor activation prevents and mitigates γ-irradiation-induced colonic mucosal barrier dysfunction and endotoxemia.