Transcription factor 21 expression in injured podocytes of glomerular diseases.Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 13; 10(1):11516.SR
Transcription factor 21 (TCF21) is one of the essential transcription factors in kidney development. To elucidate its influence on glomerular disease, we have investigated TCF21 expression in human and rat kidney tissue, and its urinary concentration. Immunohistological analysis suggested the highest TCF21 expression in nephrotic syndrome along with the urinary protein level. Urinary TCF21 concentration in human showed a positive correlation with its podocyte expression level. In nephrotic rat models, TCF21 expression in podocytes increased along with the severity of nephrotic syndrome. Next, in vitro experiments using Tcf21-expressing murine podocyte cell line, we could observe some Tcf21-dependent effects, related with actin cytoskeleton dysregulation and apoptosis. Our study illustrated TCF21 expression changes in vivo and its in vitro-functional significance injured podocytes.