Prophylactic distal splenorenal shunt for child's class A and B patients at high risk of bleeding.Zentralbl Chir. 1988; 113(20):1329-37.ZC
During recent 17 years, prophylactic distal splenorenal shunt was carried out on 29 patients. Patients were composed of 18 males and 11 females. Age ranged from 34 to 66 years with an average of 52.4. All patients had risky esophagogastric varices; varices larger than 5 mm in diameter and or varices with red color signs such as cherry red spots endoscopically. Underlying liver disease were cirrhosis of the liver in 27, chronic hepatitis in one, and idiopathic portal hypertension in one. Twenty-three patients were in Child's class A and six were in class B. Thirteen patients underwent the original Warren shunt but the remaining 16 had modified distal splenorenal shunts with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene interposition. Portal-azygos disconnection was routinely performed. One patients (3.4%) died of hepatic failure on the 6th postoperative day. Four patients (14.3%) developed hepatic encephalopathy of mild to moderate degree but no patients have suffered from variceal bleeding until now. The 5-, 10-, and 15-year survival rates were all 85.5 per cent. It is concluded that distal splenorenal shunt is a safe and reliable method to prevent variceal bleeding in a selected group of patients.