[Effects of lentivirus-mediated insulin-like growth factor 1 and platelet derived growth factor genes on nucleus pulposus tissue of human degenerated intervertebral disc].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2020 Jul 15; 34(7):907-914.ZX
To observe and compare the cytological and biological differences between human normal and degenerated nucleus pulposus (NP), and to investigate the repair effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IFG-1) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) on human degenerated NP.
Human degenerative and normal NP tissues were obtained from operative patients, a portion of which were processed into tissue sections and HE staining was performed to observe the morphological changes of nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) before and after degeneration of NP. Immunohistochemistry staining was used to determine the expression levels of collagen type Ⅰ, collagen type Ⅱ, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) proteins. Another portion of tissues were isolated and cultured and NPCs morphology was observed under inverted microscope. Western blot analysis was used to detect collagen type Ⅱ protein expression. Then, the gene transfection experiments were launched, including 4 groups, with group A designed as degenerated NPCs only, and groups B, C, and D of degenerated NPCs transfected with IGF-1 gene lentiviral particles, PDGF gene lentiviral particles, and lentiviral particles carrying IGF-1 and PDGF double genes, respectively. At 21 days after transfection, the cell morphology of each group was observed under inverted microscope, the positive rates of IGF-1 and PDGF of each group were measured by flow cytometry, and the expression of collagen type Ⅱ protein was detected by using immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot.
HE staining showed that there were a large number of notochordal cells and a small number of chondrocytes in the central NP tissue of normal group, while the NPCs in degeneration group were significantly reduced, and a large proportion of fibrocartilage tissues were found in NP tissue. Immunohistochemistry staining showed that the percentages of collagen type Ⅰ and Bax protein-positive cells in degeneration group were significantly higher than those of normal group, while the percentages of collagen type Ⅱ and Bcl-2 protein-positive cells were significantly lower than those of normal group (P<0.05). Western blot showed that the relative expression level of collagen type Ⅱ protein in degeneration group was significantly lower than that in normal group (t=65.493, P=0.000). At 21 days after gene transfection, compared with group A, the cell viability of groups B, C, and D increased and the morphology became more regular. Flow cytometry showed that the percentages of IGF-1-positive cells in groups B and D were significantly higher than that in group A, and the percentages of PDGF-positive cells in groups C and D were significantly higher than that in group A (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry staining showed that the positive stainings of collagen type Ⅱ in groups A, B, C, and D was (±), (+), (+), and (++), respectively. Western blot showed that the relative expression of collagen type Ⅱ protein in groups A, B, C, and D increased by degrees, and the differences between groups were significant (P<0.05).
Both IGF-1 and PDGF can reverse the degeneration of intervertebral discs NPCs and they have synergistic effects, providing experimental basis for its application in clinical treatment approaches for degenerative disc disease.