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[Masks as personal protective equipment in the COVID-19 pandemic: How, when and which should be used].
J Healthc Qual Res. 2020 Jul - Aug; 35(4):245-252.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

In the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand of masks has been increased by health professionals and the general population. In this context, it is necessary to summarize the features and indications of the different types of masks.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

To consult and to compile the different recommendations disseminated by prestigious institutions such as the World Health Organization, the European Center for Disease Prevention, the Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, or the Ministry of Health of the Government of Spain has been reviewed.

RESULTS

The institutions consulted recommend reserving FFP respirators for healthcare workers, especially when carrying out aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs) (minimum FFP2 protection) and consider some reutilization systems during times of scarcity. The use of surgical masks is recommended to professionals who do not perform AGPs and to the symptomatic population but exist variations in its indications intended for the general healthy population.

CONCLUSION

In the context of shortage of personal protective equipment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a prioritization and rationalization of the use of each type of mask should be established according to the user and the activity performed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. IRYCIS. CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, España.Hospital Universitario San Juan de Alicante, Alicante, España.Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. IRYCIS, Madrid, España. Electronic address: jorge.vicente@salud.madrid.org.Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España.Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. IRYCIS, Madrid, España.Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. IRYCIS, Madrid, España.Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. IRYCIS, Madrid, España.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

32680724

Citation

Aranaz Andrés, Jesús M., et al. "[Masks as Personal Protective Equipment in the COVID-19 Pandemic: How, when and Which Should Be Used]." Journal of Healthcare Quality Research, vol. 35, no. 4, 2020, pp. 245-252.
Aranaz Andrés JM, Gea Velázquez de Castro MT, Vicente-Guijarro J, et al. [Masks as personal protective equipment in the COVID-19 pandemic: How, when and which should be used]. J Healthc Qual Res. 2020;35(4):245-252.
Aranaz Andrés, J. M., Gea Velázquez de Castro, M. T., Vicente-Guijarro, J., Beltrán Peribáñez, J., García Haro, M., Valencia-Martín, J. L., & Bischofberger Valdés, C. (2020). [Masks as personal protective equipment in the COVID-19 pandemic: How, when and which should be used]. Journal of Healthcare Quality Research, 35(4), 245-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhqr.2020.06.001
Aranaz Andrés JM, et al. [Masks as Personal Protective Equipment in the COVID-19 Pandemic: How, when and Which Should Be Used]. J Healthc Qual Res. 2020 Jul - Aug;35(4):245-252. PubMed PMID: 32680724.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Masks as personal protective equipment in the COVID-19 pandemic: How, when and which should be used]. AU - Aranaz Andrés,Jesús M, AU - Gea Velázquez de Castro,M Teresa, AU - Vicente-Guijarro,Jorge, AU - Beltrán Peribáñez,Joaquín, AU - García Haro,Mercedes, AU - Valencia-Martín,José Lorenzo, AU - Bischofberger Valdés,Cornelia, AU - ,, AU - ,, Y1 - 2020/06/25/ PY - 2020/05/01/received PY - 2020/06/10/revised PY - 2020/06/18/accepted PY - 2020/7/19/pubmed PY - 2020/8/13/medline PY - 2020/7/19/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - COVID-19 pandemic KW - Equipo de protección individual (EPI) KW - Filtering face piece (FFP) KW - Filtering face piece (FFP) mask KW - Mascarillas quirúrgicas KW - N95 KW - N95 mask KW - Respiratory protective equipment KW - Surgical mask SP - 245 EP - 252 JF - Journal of healthcare quality research JO - J Healthc Qual Res VL - 35 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand of masks has been increased by health professionals and the general population. In this context, it is necessary to summarize the features and indications of the different types of masks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To consult and to compile the different recommendations disseminated by prestigious institutions such as the World Health Organization, the European Center for Disease Prevention, the Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, or the Ministry of Health of the Government of Spain has been reviewed. RESULTS: The institutions consulted recommend reserving FFP respirators for healthcare workers, especially when carrying out aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs) (minimum FFP2 protection) and consider some reutilization systems during times of scarcity. The use of surgical masks is recommended to professionals who do not perform AGPs and to the symptomatic population but exist variations in its indications intended for the general healthy population. CONCLUSION: In the context of shortage of personal protective equipment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a prioritization and rationalization of the use of each type of mask should be established according to the user and the activity performed. SN - 2603-6479 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32680724/[Masks_as_personal_protective_equipment_in_the_COVID_19_pandemic:_How_when_and_which_should_be_used]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2603-6479(20)30067-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -