Auto-Cross-Linked Hyaluronic Acid Gel for Prevention of Intrauterine Adhesions after Hysteroscopic Adhesiolysis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2021 02; 28(2):307-313.JM
To investigate auto-cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel for the prevention of intrauterine adhesion (IUA) recurrence after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis.
A single-center, double-blinded randomized controlled trial.
A tertiary university hospital.
Two hundred seventy-two patients with moderate-to-severe (American Fertility Society [AFS] score ≥5) IUAs underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis.
The patients were randomized to receive standard care along with auto-cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel after surgery (treatment group) or standard care only (control group). All patients had second-look hysteroscopy at 4 weeks and hormonal therapy for 2 cycles after surgery.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Two hundred sixty patients were eligible and randomized; 245 patients successfully completed the study (n = 122 in treatment group, and n = 123 in control group). The primary outcome measure was IUA recurrence at second-look hysteroscopy. The secondary outcome measures included an improvement in the AFS score and menstrual pattern. There was no significant difference with regard to IUA recurrence (31.1% vs 39.8%) or median AFS score at second-look hysteroscopy (2, interquartile range [2-4] vs 2, interquartile range [2-4]) or improvement in the menstrual pattern at 3-month follow-up (87.7% vs 76.4%), in the treatment and control groups, respectively.
The application of auto-cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel did not seem to improve IUA recurrence after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis.