4H-benzochromene derivatives as novel tyrosinase inhibitors and radical scavengers: synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular docking analysis.Mol Divers. 2020 Jul 18 [Online ahead of print]MD
A series of ethyl 2-amino-4H-benzo[h]chromene-3-carboxylate derivatives, having phenyl ring with diverse substituents at C4 position of 4H-benzochromene nucleus, were synthesized via one-pot three-component reaction between various aromatic aldehydes, α-naphthol, and ethyl cyanoacetate. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antityrosinase activity. Compound 4i, bearing 4-dimethylamino substitution on C4-phenyl ring, was the most potent tyrosinase inhibitor (IC50 = 34.12 μM). The inhibition kinetic analysis of 4i indicated that the compound was a competitive tyrosinase inhibitor. Compounds 4a, 4g, 4i and 4j were the effective radical scavengers with EC50s in the range of 0.144-0.943 mM. According to the in silico drug-like and ADME predictions, 4i can be considered as a suitable candidate. Molecular docking results confirmed that the derivative was well accommodated within the mushroom tyrosinase binding site. Therefore, 4i can be introduced as a novel tyrosinase inhibitor that might be a promising lead in medicine, cosmetics, and food industry.