Reactive oxygen species regulate miR-17-5p expression via DNA methylation in paraquat-induced nerve cell damage.Environ Toxicol. 2020 Dec; 35(12):1364-1373.ET
There is emerging evidence suggesting that oxidative stress and DNA methylation can alter miRNA expression. However, little is known on the mechanism of miR-17-5p expression changes in paraquat (PQ)-induced nerve cell damage. In the present study, neuro-2a cells were pretreated with antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or DNA methylation inhibitor decitabine (DAC), then exposed to different concentrations of PQ, while the expression levels of miR-17-5p were detected by qRT-PCR. Here, it is showed that PQ downregulated the expression of miR-17-5p dose-dependently in neuro-2a cells. The DNA methylation level was upregulated after PQ exposure, while downregulated with the pretreatment of NAC in the above content, detected by 5-mC immunofluorescence technique. The interaction effect of NAC and PQ in alternating DNA methylation level was further confirmed by flow cytometry. NAC and DAC individually had an interaction effect in PQ-induced nerve cell damage. After using NAC, PQ-induced ROS elevation and DNA methylation are reduced, thereby preventing the proapoptotic effect of miR-17-5p. Above all, PQ can induce DNA methylation variations through ROS production, leading to the downregulation of miR-17-5p expression in PQ-induced nerve cell damage.