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Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding.
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 07; 28 Suppl 1:S29-S37.O

Abstract

Over the past 10 to 15 years, intermittent fasting has emerged as an unconventional approach to reduce body weight and improve metabolic health beyond simple calorie restriction. In this review, we summarize findings related to Ramadan and Sunnah fasting. We then discuss the role of caloric restriction not only as an intervention for weight control, but importantly, as a strategy for healthy aging and longevity. Finally, we review the four most common intermittent fasting (IF) strategies used to date for weight management and to improve cardiometabolic health. Weight loss is common after IF but does not appear to be different than daily caloric restriction when compared directly. IF may also provide additional cardiometabolic benefit, such as insulin sensitization, that is independent from weight loss. While no specific fasting regimen stands out as superior at this time, there is indeed heterogeneity in responses to these different IF diets. This suggests that one dietary regimen may not be ideally suited for every individual. Future studies should consider strategies for tailoring dietary prescriptions, including IF, based on advanced phenotyping and genotyping prior to diet initiation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Science, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey.Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32700827

Citation

Hoddy, Kristin K., et al. "Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 28 Suppl 1, 2020, pp. S29-S37.
Hoddy KK, Marlatt KL, Çetinkaya H, et al. Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020;28 Suppl 1:S29-S37.
Hoddy, K. K., Marlatt, K. L., Çetinkaya, H., & Ravussin, E. (2020). Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 28 Suppl 1, S29-S37. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22829
Hoddy KK, et al. Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020;28 Suppl 1:S29-S37. PubMed PMID: 32700827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intermittent Fasting and Metabolic Health: From Religious Fast to Time-Restricted Feeding. AU - Hoddy,Kristin K, AU - Marlatt,Kara L, AU - Çetinkaya,Hatice, AU - Ravussin,Eric, PY - 2020/01/23/received PY - 2020/04/03/revised PY - 2020/04/05/accepted PY - 2020/7/24/entrez PY - 2020/7/24/pubmed PY - 2021/4/13/medline SP - S29 EP - S37 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 28 Suppl 1 N2 - Over the past 10 to 15 years, intermittent fasting has emerged as an unconventional approach to reduce body weight and improve metabolic health beyond simple calorie restriction. In this review, we summarize findings related to Ramadan and Sunnah fasting. We then discuss the role of caloric restriction not only as an intervention for weight control, but importantly, as a strategy for healthy aging and longevity. Finally, we review the four most common intermittent fasting (IF) strategies used to date for weight management and to improve cardiometabolic health. Weight loss is common after IF but does not appear to be different than daily caloric restriction when compared directly. IF may also provide additional cardiometabolic benefit, such as insulin sensitization, that is independent from weight loss. While no specific fasting regimen stands out as superior at this time, there is indeed heterogeneity in responses to these different IF diets. This suggests that one dietary regimen may not be ideally suited for every individual. Future studies should consider strategies for tailoring dietary prescriptions, including IF, based on advanced phenotyping and genotyping prior to diet initiation. SN - 1930-739X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32700827/Intermittent_Fasting_and_Metabolic_Health:_From_Religious_Fast_to_Time_Restricted_Feeding_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22829 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -