[Effect of acupoint catgut embedding on levels of PG-related factors and NF-κB proteins in ute-rine tissues of rats with primary dysmenorrhea].Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2020 Jul 25; 45(7):548-51.ZC
To observe the effect of acupoint catgut embedding on levels of prostaglandin F2α(PGF2α), cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) in the uteruses of rats with primary dysmenorrhea (PD), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of PD.
Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model, acupoint catgut embedment and medication groups, with 10 rats in each group. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate (0.5 mg on the 1st day, and 0.2 mg thereafter) once daily for 10 days, followed by i．p. of oxytocin 2 U(0.5 mg•5 U－1•mL－1) on the 11th day. Catgut embedment was applied to "Guanyuan"(CV4) and "Sanyinjiao"(SP6) on day 1 and 5 while modeling, and rats of the medication group received gavage of ibuprofen (1.25 mg/mL, 0.8 mL/rat) once daily for 10 d. The level of PGF2αin the uterus tissuewas assayed by ELISA, and the expression levels of uterine COX-2, phospho (p)-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65 proteins were detected by Western blot.
Compared with the normal group, the levels of PGF2α， COX-2, p-NF-κB p65 and NF-κB p65 in the uterine tissues were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of PGF2α and COX-2 in both catgut embedment and medication groups as well as p-NF-κB p65 in the catgut embedment group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the medication group, the level of p-NF-κB 65 in the catgut embedment group was significantly decreased (P<0.05).
The analgesic effect of acupoint catgut embedding may be related to its effects in down-regulating the expression of p-NF-κB and the levels of COX-2 and PGF2αin uteruses of PD rats.