Synthesis and characterization of proanthocyanidin-chitosan nanoparticles: An assessment on human colorectal carcinoma HT-29 cells.J Photochem Photobiol B. 2020 Sep; 210:111966.JP
Cancer nanotheranostic materials are helpful in monitoring drug delivery and efficacy against tumor cells. Current chemotherapeutic may have adverse side effects and this necessity to discover the new modern therapeutic nano-drugs. In the present study, we designed the new targeted and degradable polymer of bio-active chitosan nanoparticles with proanthocyanidin (PAC-CSNPs) and evaluated its apoptotic effects against human colorectal carcinoma cells (HT-29). The functional groups were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscope. Further, their dispersion of spherical form nanoparticle with an average size of 73.43 nm used for drug delivery system. The PAC-CSNPs were targeted to inhibit the cyclin-dependent kinases and prevent cell cycle/cell division in cancer cells. At high concentrations of PAC (25 μg/mL) exposure, cell viability of HT-29 cells was greater than 80%. However, at low concentrations of PAC-CSNPs (6.25 μg/mL) exposure, HT-29 cell mortality was high, which may be due to the efficient drug release by CSNPs. The percentage of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were 12 ± 2.52% (control), 39 ± 4.32% (PAC), and 85.06 ± 3.54% (PAC-CSNPs). The over production of ROS by PAC-CSNPs can prompt DNA damage, cell death and apoptosis in HT-29 cells. The in vivo toxicity of synthesized PAC-CSNPs was tested against zebra fish observed at dose-time-dependent intervals. In conclusion, the PAC-CSNPs enhanced HT-29 cell death and shows promise as a novel future nano-therapy for cancer.