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Influence of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on COVID-19 pandemic. A review.
Environ Res. 2020 Sep; 188:109861.ER

Abstract

In recent years, a number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that exposure to air pollution is associated with several adverse outcomes, such as acute lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and lung cancer among other serious diseases. Air pollutants such as sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and dioxide, particulate matter (PM), ozone and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are commonly found at high levels in big cities and/or in the vicinity of different chemical industries. An association between air concentrations of these pollutants and human respiratory viruses interacting to adversely affect the respiratory system has been also reported. The present review was aimed at assessing the potential relationship between the concentrations of air pollutants on the airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and the severity of COVID-19 in patients infected by this coronavirus. The results of most studies here reviewed suggest that chronic exposure to certain air pollutants leads to more severe and lethal forms of COVID-19 and delays/complicates the recovery of patients of this disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Sant Llorens 21, 43201, Reus, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address: joseluis.domingo@urv.cat.Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Sant Llorens 21, 43201, Reus, Catalonia, Spain.Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Sant Llorens 21, 43201, Reus, Catalonia, Spain; Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament D'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007, Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32718835

Citation

Domingo, José L., et al. "Influence of Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 On COVID-19 Pandemic. a Review." Environmental Research, vol. 188, 2020, p. 109861.
Domingo JL, Marquès M, Rovira J. Influence of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on COVID-19 pandemic. A review. Environ Res. 2020;188:109861.
Domingo, J. L., Marquès, M., & Rovira, J. (2020). Influence of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on COVID-19 pandemic. A review. Environmental Research, 188, 109861. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109861
Domingo JL, Marquès M, Rovira J. Influence of Airborne Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 On COVID-19 Pandemic. a Review. Environ Res. 2020;188:109861. PubMed PMID: 32718835.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on COVID-19 pandemic. A review. AU - Domingo,José L, AU - Marquès,Montse, AU - Rovira,Joaquim, Y1 - 2020/06/23/ PY - 2020/06/17/received PY - 2020/06/18/revised PY - 2020/06/18/accepted PY - 2020/7/29/pubmed PY - 2020/9/4/medline PY - 2020/7/29/entrez KW - Air pollution KW - Airborne transmission KW - COVID-19 KW - Mortality KW - SARS-CoV-2 SP - 109861 EP - 109861 JF - Environmental research JO - Environ Res VL - 188 N2 - In recent years, a number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that exposure to air pollution is associated with several adverse outcomes, such as acute lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and lung cancer among other serious diseases. Air pollutants such as sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and dioxide, particulate matter (PM), ozone and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are commonly found at high levels in big cities and/or in the vicinity of different chemical industries. An association between air concentrations of these pollutants and human respiratory viruses interacting to adversely affect the respiratory system has been also reported. The present review was aimed at assessing the potential relationship between the concentrations of air pollutants on the airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and the severity of COVID-19 in patients infected by this coronavirus. The results of most studies here reviewed suggest that chronic exposure to certain air pollutants leads to more severe and lethal forms of COVID-19 and delays/complicates the recovery of patients of this disease. SN - 1096-0953 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32718835/Influence_of_airborne_transmission_of_SARS_CoV_2_on_COVID_19_pandemic__A_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0013-9351(20)30756-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -