Pathogenesis and Treatment Strategies of COVID-19-Related Hypercoagulant and Thrombotic Complications.Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2020 Jan-Dec; 26:1076029620944497.CA
The new type of pneumonia caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is endemic worldwide, and many countries cannot be spared, becoming a global health concern. The disease was named COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO) on January 30, 2020, when the WHO declared the Chinese outbreak of COVID-19 to be a public health emergency of international concern. The clinical features of COVID-19 include dry cough, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and myalgia. Similar to SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, nearly 20% of patients experienced various fatal complications, including acute kidney injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by cytokine storm. Furthermore, systemic cytokine storm induced vascular endothelial injury, which extensively mediates hypercoagulability in blood vessels and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The autopsy pathology of COVID-19 confirmed the above. This article briefly summarizes the mechanism of hypercoagulability and thrombotic complications of severe COVID-19 and proposes that blood hypercoagulability and intravascular microthrombosis are the development nodes of severe COVID-19. Therefore, anticoagulation and anti-inflammatory therapy can be used as important treatment strategies for severe COVID-19.