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Prospective associations among relationship abuse, sexual harassment and bullying in a community sample of sexual minority and exclusively heterosexual youth.
J Adolesc. 2020 08; 83:52-61.JA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Sexual minority youth (SMY) are at significantly greater risk for experiencing adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) than exclusively heterosexual youth, yet little is known about the factors that elevate their risks for such abuse. Peer victimization (i.e., bullying, sexual harassment) has been associated with ARA among heterosexual youth. SMY experience higher rates of peer victimization than heterosexual youth, suggesting that it may be a risk factor for ARA among these youth. Using longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents recruited from the northeastern US, we examined whether sexual identity was associated prospectively with ARA, and whether that relationship would be indirect, and mediated via bullying and sexual harassment at a 12-month follow-up. We expected to find higher rates of peer victimization and ARA among SMY than heterosexual youth, and we expected that sexual harassment and bullying would predict subsequent relationship abuse.

METHODS

Adolescents (N = 800; 58% female; 81% European-American; 19% SMY) between 13 and 15 years (M = 14.45, SD = 0.85) completed a web survey at baseline, 6-months and 12-months.

RESULTS

Consistent with prior studies, SMY reported higher rates of bullying, sexual harassment, and relationship abuse than heterosexual youth. SMY who reported sexual harassment at baseline were more likely to report relationship abuse over time. Contrary to our expectations, however, bully victimization did not predict subsequent relationship abuse.

CONCLUSIONS

Sexual harassment can be particularly harmful for SMY because it targets gender and sexual identity at a formative developmental period and puts youth at risk for relationship abuse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, State University of New York at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, Wende Hall, Buffalo, NY, 14214, USA. Electronic address: ahequemb@buffalo.edu.School of Nursing, State University of New York at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, Wende Hall, Buffalo, NY, 14214, USA. Electronic address: jal7@buffalo.edu.Clinical and Research Institute on Addictions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1021 Main Street, Buffalo, NY, 14203, USA. Electronic address: weijunwa@buffalo.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32736276

Citation

Hequembourg, Amy L., et al. "Prospective Associations Among Relationship Abuse, Sexual Harassment and Bullying in a Community Sample of Sexual Minority and Exclusively Heterosexual Youth." Journal of Adolescence, vol. 83, 2020, pp. 52-61.
Hequembourg AL, Livingston JA, Wang W. Prospective associations among relationship abuse, sexual harassment and bullying in a community sample of sexual minority and exclusively heterosexual youth. J Adolesc. 2020;83:52-61.
Hequembourg, A. L., Livingston, J. A., & Wang, W. (2020). Prospective associations among relationship abuse, sexual harassment and bullying in a community sample of sexual minority and exclusively heterosexual youth. Journal of Adolescence, 83, 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.06.010
Hequembourg AL, Livingston JA, Wang W. Prospective Associations Among Relationship Abuse, Sexual Harassment and Bullying in a Community Sample of Sexual Minority and Exclusively Heterosexual Youth. J Adolesc. 2020;83:52-61. PubMed PMID: 32736276.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prospective associations among relationship abuse, sexual harassment and bullying in a community sample of sexual minority and exclusively heterosexual youth. AU - Hequembourg,Amy L, AU - Livingston,Jennifer A, AU - Wang,Weijun, Y1 - 2020/07/28/ PY - 2019/12/05/received PY - 2020/06/19/revised PY - 2020/06/29/accepted PY - 2020/8/1/pubmed PY - 2021/4/30/medline PY - 2020/8/1/entrez KW - Adolescent relationship abuse KW - Bullying KW - Sexual harassment KW - Sexual minority youth KW - Teen dating violence SP - 52 EP - 61 JF - Journal of adolescence JO - J Adolesc VL - 83 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority youth (SMY) are at significantly greater risk for experiencing adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) than exclusively heterosexual youth, yet little is known about the factors that elevate their risks for such abuse. Peer victimization (i.e., bullying, sexual harassment) has been associated with ARA among heterosexual youth. SMY experience higher rates of peer victimization than heterosexual youth, suggesting that it may be a risk factor for ARA among these youth. Using longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents recruited from the northeastern US, we examined whether sexual identity was associated prospectively with ARA, and whether that relationship would be indirect, and mediated via bullying and sexual harassment at a 12-month follow-up. We expected to find higher rates of peer victimization and ARA among SMY than heterosexual youth, and we expected that sexual harassment and bullying would predict subsequent relationship abuse. METHODS: Adolescents (N = 800; 58% female; 81% European-American; 19% SMY) between 13 and 15 years (M = 14.45, SD = 0.85) completed a web survey at baseline, 6-months and 12-months. RESULTS: Consistent with prior studies, SMY reported higher rates of bullying, sexual harassment, and relationship abuse than heterosexual youth. SMY who reported sexual harassment at baseline were more likely to report relationship abuse over time. Contrary to our expectations, however, bully victimization did not predict subsequent relationship abuse. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual harassment can be particularly harmful for SMY because it targets gender and sexual identity at a formative developmental period and puts youth at risk for relationship abuse. SN - 1095-9254 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32736276/Prospective_associations_among_relationship_abuse_sexual_harassment_and_bullying_in_a_community_sample_of_sexual_minority_and_exclusively_heterosexual_youth_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140-1971(20)30095-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -