Twin-screw melt granulation: Current progress and challenges.Int J Pharm. 2020 Oct 15; 588:119670.IJ
Twin-screw melt granulation (TSMG) is a new alternative method for granulation that offers several advantages over wet and dry granulation methods. TSMG has rapidly gained interest over recent years in the pharmaceutical industry. Since it is an inherently continuous process with controlled temperature and shear history, TSMG produces products with more consistent quality than the batch process. Several studies have investigated how various formulation and processing parameters influence granulation behavior and granule properties; however, there are still challenges that require a better mechanistic understanding. This review summarizes the current progress of TSMG while highlighting how various formulation and process parameters affect the physicochemical properties of granules. The challenges related to the process-induced physicochemical changes of drug substances are also discussed.