Minimum effective volume of 0.5% ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided costoclavicular brachial plexus block: A dose finding study.Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2020 Sep; 37(9):780-786.EJ
Costoclavicular brachial plexus block (CC-BPB) is a relatively new regional anaesthetic technique and there are no data on the minimum effective volume 90 (MEV90) of 0.5% ropivacaine required for an ultrasound-guided CC-BPB.
To determine the MEV90 of 0.5% ropivacaine required to produce surgical anaesthesia with an ultrasound-guided CC-BPB.
Prospective up-down sequential allocation study design.
University teaching hospital in Hong Kong from March 2016 to December 2017.
Forty-eight, ASA physical status I to III patients, aged 70 years or less and scheduled for elective forearm or hand surgery under an ultrasound-guided CC-BPB, were recruited.
Ultrasound-guided CC-BPB was performed with the assigned volume of 0.5% ropivacaine. The Dixon 'up-and-down' sequential allocation method using the biased coin design was used to determine the MEV90 of 0.5% ropivacaine. The assigned volume of ropivacaine was based on the outcome of the previous patient. After a block failure the next patient received a volume increase of 2 ml. If the block was a success, the next patient was allocated, with a probability of b = 0.11, to receive 2 ml less, or, with a probability of 1 - b = 0.89, the same volume.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
A successful block was defined as a minimum score of 14 of 16 points, using a composite sensory and motor block score at 45 min after the injection. The study was stopped when 45 successful blocks were achieved. MEV90 with 95% confidence interval was calculated using the centred isotonic regression for point and interval dose response studies.
The MEV90 of 0.5% ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided CC-BPB was 20.9 (95% confidence interval, 20.7 to 21.8) ml. The mean ± SD time to readiness for surgery was 31.4 ± 12.60 min.
The MEV90 of 0.5% ropivacaine required to produce surgical anaesthesia with an ultrasound-guided CC-BPB is 20.9 ml.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION
The trial was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trials Registry (www.chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR-IOR-15007515, principal investigator: Manoj Kumar Karmakar, date of registration: 4 December 2015).
CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER AND REGISTRY URL
ChiCTR-IOR-15007515, Chinese Clinical Trials Registry (www.chictr.org.cn).