Case Report: Gestational Melioidosis through Perinatal Transmission.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 11; 103(5):1838-1840.AJ
Burkholderia pseudomallei is an emerging pathogen in the Americas. Cases of mother-to-child transmission of B. pseudomallei are rare and probably occur by placental or perinatal infection. We report the first case of native gestational and neonatal melioidosis in the Western hemisphere. The isolated strains in the mother and newborn were confirmed by whole-genome sequencing and identified as a novel sequence type ST1748. The comparison of both genomes revealed a nucleotide similarity of 100%. Melioidosis should be considered within the differential diagnosis of febrile illness or pneumonia in pregnant women and newborns from endemic areas of the Americas.