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Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic.
Can J Neurol Sci. 2021 01; 48(1):9-24.CJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Albeit primarily a disease of respiratory tract, the 2019 coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) has been found to have causal association with a plethora of neurological, neuropsychiatric and psychological effects. This review aims to analyze them with a discussion of evolving therapeutic recommendations.

METHODS

PubMed and Google Scholar were searched from 1 January 2020 to 30 May 2020 with the following key terms: "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2", "pandemic", "neuro-COVID", "stroke-COVID", "epilepsy-COVID", "COVID-encephalopathy", "SARS-CoV-2-encephalitis", "SARS-CoV-2-rhabdomyolysis", "COVID-demyelinating disease", "neurological manifestations", "psychosocial manifestations", "treatment recommendations", "COVID-19 and therapeutic changes", "psychiatry", "marginalised", "telemedicine", "mental health", "quarantine", "infodemic" and "social media". A few newspaper reports related to COVID-19 and psychosocial impacts have also been added as per context.

RESULTS

Neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations of COVID-19 are abundant. Clinical features of both central and peripheral nervous system involvement are evident. These have been categorically analyzed briefly with literature support. Most of the psychological effects are secondary to pandemic-associated regulatory, socioeconomic and psychosocial changes.

CONCLUSION

Neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations of this disease are only beginning to unravel. This demands a wide index of suspicion for prompt diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 to prevent further complications and mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of General Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.Department of General Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.Department of Neuromedicine, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences (BIN), Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Department of Psychiatry, Berhampore Mental Hospital, Behrampore, West Bengal, India.Department of Neurology, University Hospital, "12 de Octubre", Madrid, Spain. Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Madrid, Spain. Department of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.Department of Neuromedicine, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences (BIN), Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32753076

Citation

Roy, Devlina, et al. "Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic." The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal Canadien Des Sciences Neurologiques, vol. 48, no. 1, 2021, pp. 9-24.
Roy D, Ghosh R, Dubey S, et al. Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic. Can J Neurol Sci. 2021;48(1):9-24.
Roy, D., Ghosh, R., Dubey, S., Dubey, M. J., Benito-León, J., & Kanti Ray, B. (2021). Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal Canadien Des Sciences Neurologiques, 48(1), 9-24. https://doi.org/10.1017/cjn.2020.173
Roy D, et al. Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic. Can J Neurol Sci. 2021;48(1):9-24. PubMed PMID: 32753076.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic. AU - Roy,Devlina, AU - Ghosh,Ritwik, AU - Dubey,Souvik, AU - Dubey,Mahua Jana, AU - Benito-León,Julián, AU - Kanti Ray,Biman, Y1 - 2020/08/05/ PY - 2020/8/6/pubmed PY - 2021/1/30/medline PY - 2020/8/6/entrez KW - Addiction COVID KW - Ataxia KW - Axonal transport KW - COVID-19 KW - Cerebrovascular events KW - Demyelination KW - Encephalitis KW - Encephalopathy KW - Epilepsy KW - Myelitis KW - Myoclonus KW - Neuro-COVID KW - Neuroinvasion KW - Neurotropism KW - Neurovirulence KW - Polyradiculopathy KW - Psychiatric KW - Psychosocial KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - Seizures KW - Stroke KW - Therapeutic paradigm shift SP - 9 EP - 24 JF - The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques JO - Can J Neurol Sci VL - 48 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Albeit primarily a disease of respiratory tract, the 2019 coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) has been found to have causal association with a plethora of neurological, neuropsychiatric and psychological effects. This review aims to analyze them with a discussion of evolving therapeutic recommendations. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar were searched from 1 January 2020 to 30 May 2020 with the following key terms: "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV-2", "pandemic", "neuro-COVID", "stroke-COVID", "epilepsy-COVID", "COVID-encephalopathy", "SARS-CoV-2-encephalitis", "SARS-CoV-2-rhabdomyolysis", "COVID-demyelinating disease", "neurological manifestations", "psychosocial manifestations", "treatment recommendations", "COVID-19 and therapeutic changes", "psychiatry", "marginalised", "telemedicine", "mental health", "quarantine", "infodemic" and "social media". A few newspaper reports related to COVID-19 and psychosocial impacts have also been added as per context. RESULTS: Neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations of COVID-19 are abundant. Clinical features of both central and peripheral nervous system involvement are evident. These have been categorically analyzed briefly with literature support. Most of the psychological effects are secondary to pandemic-associated regulatory, socioeconomic and psychosocial changes. CONCLUSION: Neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations of this disease are only beginning to unravel. This demands a wide index of suspicion for prompt diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 to prevent further complications and mortality. SN - 0317-1671 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32753076/Neurological_and_Neuropsychiatric_Impacts_of_COVID_19_Pandemic_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0317167120001730/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -