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Mexican households' food shopping patterns in 2015: analysis following nonessential food and sugary beverage taxes.
Public Health Nutr. 2021 06; 24(8):2225-2237.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine patterns of taxed and untaxed food and beverage shopping across store types after Mexico's sugary drink and non-essential food taxes, the nutritional quality of these patterns and the socio-economic characteristics associated with them.

DESIGN

We performed k-means cluster analyses using households' percentage of food and beverage purchases from each store type (i.e. convenience stores, traditional shops (e.g. bodegas, tiendas, mom-and-pop shops), supermarkets, wholesalers and others). We calculated adjusted mean proportions of taxed and untaxed products (ml or g/capita per d) purchased in each pattern. We studied the associations between households' SES and shopping patterns using multinomial logistic regressions. Within shopping patterns, we obtained mean volumes and proportions of taxed and untaxed food and beverage subgroups and calculated the proportion of products purchased at each store type.

SETTING

Mexico.

PARTICIPANTS

Urban Mexican households (n 5493) from the Nielsen Mexico Consumer Panel Survey 2015.

RESULTS

We found four beverage shopping patterns and three food shopping patterns, driven by the store type where most purchases were made. For beverages, 48 % of households were clustered in the Traditional pattern and purchased the highest proportion of taxed beverages. Low-SES households had the highest probability of clustering in the Traditional beverage shopping pattern. For foods, 35 % of households were clustered into the Supermarket pattern. High-SES households had the highest probability of clustering in the Supermarket food shopping pattern.

CONCLUSIONS

The combination of store types where Mexican households purchase packaged foods and beverages varies. However, households in all shopping patterns and SES purchase taxed beverages mainly at traditional stores. Store-level strategies should be developed to intervene on traditional stores to improve the healthfulness of purchases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32753086

Citation

Pedraza, Lilia S., et al. "Mexican Households' Food Shopping Patterns in 2015: Analysis Following Nonessential Food and Sugary Beverage Taxes." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 8, 2021, pp. 2225-2237.
Pedraza LS, Popkin BM, Adair L, et al. Mexican households' food shopping patterns in 2015: analysis following nonessential food and sugary beverage taxes. Public Health Nutr. 2021;24(8):2225-2237.
Pedraza, L. S., Popkin, B. M., Adair, L., Robinson, W. R., & Taillie, L. S. (2021). Mexican households' food shopping patterns in 2015: analysis following nonessential food and sugary beverage taxes. Public Health Nutrition, 24(8), 2225-2237. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020001858
Pedraza LS, et al. Mexican Households' Food Shopping Patterns in 2015: Analysis Following Nonessential Food and Sugary Beverage Taxes. Public Health Nutr. 2021;24(8):2225-2237. PubMed PMID: 32753086.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mexican households' food shopping patterns in 2015: analysis following nonessential food and sugary beverage taxes. AU - Pedraza,Lilia S, AU - Popkin,Barry M, AU - Adair,Linda, AU - Robinson,Whitney R, AU - Taillie,Lindsey Smith, Y1 - 2020/08/05/ PY - 2020/8/6/pubmed PY - 2021/10/12/medline PY - 2020/8/6/entrez KW - Food stores KW - Mexico KW - Shopping patterns KW - Socio-economic status KW - Taxes SP - 2225 EP - 2237 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 24 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of taxed and untaxed food and beverage shopping across store types after Mexico's sugary drink and non-essential food taxes, the nutritional quality of these patterns and the socio-economic characteristics associated with them. DESIGN: We performed k-means cluster analyses using households' percentage of food and beverage purchases from each store type (i.e. convenience stores, traditional shops (e.g. bodegas, tiendas, mom-and-pop shops), supermarkets, wholesalers and others). We calculated adjusted mean proportions of taxed and untaxed products (ml or g/capita per d) purchased in each pattern. We studied the associations between households' SES and shopping patterns using multinomial logistic regressions. Within shopping patterns, we obtained mean volumes and proportions of taxed and untaxed food and beverage subgroups and calculated the proportion of products purchased at each store type. SETTING: Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Urban Mexican households (n 5493) from the Nielsen Mexico Consumer Panel Survey 2015. RESULTS: We found four beverage shopping patterns and three food shopping patterns, driven by the store type where most purchases were made. For beverages, 48 % of households were clustered in the Traditional pattern and purchased the highest proportion of taxed beverages. Low-SES households had the highest probability of clustering in the Traditional beverage shopping pattern. For foods, 35 % of households were clustered into the Supermarket pattern. High-SES households had the highest probability of clustering in the Supermarket food shopping pattern. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of store types where Mexican households purchase packaged foods and beverages varies. However, households in all shopping patterns and SES purchase taxed beverages mainly at traditional stores. Store-level strategies should be developed to intervene on traditional stores to improve the healthfulness of purchases. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32753086/Mexican_households'_food_shopping_patterns_in_2015:_analysis_following_nonessential_food_and_sugary_beverage_taxes_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980020001858/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -