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Food insecurity, the home food environment, and parent feeding practices in the era of COVID-19.
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Aug 06 [Online ahead of print]O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe changes in families' home food environment and parent feeding practices, from before to during COVID-19, and examine if changes differed by food security status.

METHODS

Parents (N=584) in the US completed a single online survey, reporting on food security, home food availability, and feeding practices both retrospectively (considering before COVID-19) and currently (during COVID-19). Chi-squares and univariate regressions examined associations by food security status.

RESULTS

The percent of families reporting very low food security increased by 20% from before to during COVID-19 (p<0.01). About one-third of families increased the amount of high-calorie snack foods, desserts/sweets, and fresh foods in their home; 47% increased non-perishable processed foods. Concern about child overweight increased during COVID-19, with a greater increase for food insecure vs. secure parents (p<0.01). Use of restriction, pressure to eat, and monitoring increased, with a greater increase in pressure to eat for parents with food insecurity compared to food secure parents (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION

During COVID-19, increases in very low food security and changes in the home food environment and parent feeding practices were observed. Results highlight the need to address negative impacts of COVID-19 on children's obesity risk, particularly among those facing health disparities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, VA, 2303 N. Parham Rd, Suite 1, Richmond, 23229, United States.Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, VA, 2303 N. Parham Rd, Suite 1, Richmond, 23229, United States.Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, VA, 2303 N. Parham Rd, Suite 1, Richmond, 23229, United States.Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, VA, 2303 N. Parham Rd, Suite 1, Richmond, 23229, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32762129

Citation

Adams, Elizabeth L., et al. "Food Insecurity, the Home Food Environment, and Parent Feeding Practices in the Era of COVID-19." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 2020.
Adams EL, Caccavale LJ, Smith D, et al. Food insecurity, the home food environment, and parent feeding practices in the era of COVID-19. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020.
Adams, E. L., Caccavale, L. J., Smith, D., & Bean, M. K. (2020). Food insecurity, the home food environment, and parent feeding practices in the era of COVID-19. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.). https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22996
Adams EL, et al. Food Insecurity, the Home Food Environment, and Parent Feeding Practices in the Era of COVID-19. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Aug 6; PubMed PMID: 32762129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food insecurity, the home food environment, and parent feeding practices in the era of COVID-19. AU - Adams,Elizabeth L, AU - Caccavale,Laura J, AU - Smith,Danyel, AU - Bean,Melanie K, Y1 - 2020/08/06/ PY - 2020/8/8/entrez PY - 2020/8/8/pubmed PY - 2020/8/8/medline KW - child food security KW - child nutrition KW - coronavirus KW - parent feeding KW - viral pandemic JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in families' home food environment and parent feeding practices, from before to during COVID-19, and examine if changes differed by food security status. METHODS: Parents (N=584) in the US completed a single online survey, reporting on food security, home food availability, and feeding practices both retrospectively (considering before COVID-19) and currently (during COVID-19). Chi-squares and univariate regressions examined associations by food security status. RESULTS: The percent of families reporting very low food security increased by 20% from before to during COVID-19 (p<0.01). About one-third of families increased the amount of high-calorie snack foods, desserts/sweets, and fresh foods in their home; 47% increased non-perishable processed foods. Concern about child overweight increased during COVID-19, with a greater increase for food insecure vs. secure parents (p<0.01). Use of restriction, pressure to eat, and monitoring increased, with a greater increase in pressure to eat for parents with food insecurity compared to food secure parents (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: During COVID-19, increases in very low food security and changes in the home food environment and parent feeding practices were observed. Results highlight the need to address negative impacts of COVID-19 on children's obesity risk, particularly among those facing health disparities. SN - 1930-739X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32762129/Food_insecurity,_the_home_food_environment,_and_parent_feeding_practices_in_the_era_of_COVID-19 L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22996 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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