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Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS).
Nutrients. 2020 Aug 07; 12(8)N

Abstract

Insufficient research has explored whether sociodemographic differences in self-reported, individual-level diet quality are similarly reflected by grocery purchase quality. This cross-sectional analysis of n = 3961 U.S. households from the nationally representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) compared Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 scores from 1 week of food-at-home acquisitions across self-reported demographic factors (race/ethnicity, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation, food security, and household-level obesity status). Multivariable-adjusted, survey-weighted regression models compared household HEI-2015 scores across sociodemographic groups. Respondents were primarily White and female, with a mean age of 50.6 years, 14.0% were food insecure, and 12.7% were SNAP-participating. Mean HEI-2015 scores were 54.7; scores differed across all sociodemographic exposures (p < 0.05). Interactions (p < 0.1) were detected between SNAP participation and (1) food insecurity and (2) household-level obesity, and race/ethnicity and (1) household-level obesity. HEI-2015 scores were higher among food secure, non-SNAP households than among food insecure, SNAP-participating households (53.9 ± 0.5 vs. 50.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.007); non-SNAP households without obesity had significantly higher HEI-2015 scores than other households. Household-level obesity was associated with lower HEI-2015 scores in White (50.8 ± 0.5 vs. 52.5 ± 0.7, p = 0.046) and Black (48.8 ± 1.5 vs. 53.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.018) but not Hispanic households (54.4 ± 1.0 vs. 52.2 ± 1.2, p = 0.21). Sociodemographic disparities in household HEI-2015 scores were consistent with previous research on individual-level diet quality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA.School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA. New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32784537

Citation

Vadiveloo, Maya K., et al. "Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases Among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS)." Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 8, 2020.
Vadiveloo MK, Parker HW, Juul F, et al. Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Nutrients. 2020;12(8).
Vadiveloo, M. K., Parker, H. W., Juul, F., & Parekh, N. (2020). Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Nutrients, 12(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082354
Vadiveloo MK, et al. Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases Among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Nutrients. 2020 Aug 7;12(8) PubMed PMID: 32784537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). AU - Vadiveloo,Maya K, AU - Parker,Haley W, AU - Juul,Filippa, AU - Parekh,Niyati, Y1 - 2020/08/07/ PY - 2020/07/06/received PY - 2020/07/31/revised PY - 2020/08/03/accepted PY - 2020/8/14/entrez PY - 2020/8/14/pubmed PY - 2021/3/19/medline KW - Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey KW - FoodAPS KW - Healthy Eating Index KW - diet quality KW - food purchases KW - grocery purchase quality KW - sociodemographic disparities JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 12 IS - 8 N2 - Insufficient research has explored whether sociodemographic differences in self-reported, individual-level diet quality are similarly reflected by grocery purchase quality. This cross-sectional analysis of n = 3961 U.S. households from the nationally representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) compared Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 scores from 1 week of food-at-home acquisitions across self-reported demographic factors (race/ethnicity, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation, food security, and household-level obesity status). Multivariable-adjusted, survey-weighted regression models compared household HEI-2015 scores across sociodemographic groups. Respondents were primarily White and female, with a mean age of 50.6 years, 14.0% were food insecure, and 12.7% were SNAP-participating. Mean HEI-2015 scores were 54.7; scores differed across all sociodemographic exposures (p < 0.05). Interactions (p < 0.1) were detected between SNAP participation and (1) food insecurity and (2) household-level obesity, and race/ethnicity and (1) household-level obesity. HEI-2015 scores were higher among food secure, non-SNAP households than among food insecure, SNAP-participating households (53.9 ± 0.5 vs. 50.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.007); non-SNAP households without obesity had significantly higher HEI-2015 scores than other households. Household-level obesity was associated with lower HEI-2015 scores in White (50.8 ± 0.5 vs. 52.5 ± 0.7, p = 0.046) and Black (48.8 ± 1.5 vs. 53.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.018) but not Hispanic households (54.4 ± 1.0 vs. 52.2 ± 1.2, p = 0.21). Sociodemographic disparities in household HEI-2015 scores were consistent with previous research on individual-level diet quality. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32784537/Sociodemographic_Differences_in_the_Dietary_Quality_of_Food_at_Home_Acquisitions_and_Purchases_among_Participants_in_the_U_S__Nationally_Representative_Food_Acquisition_and_Purchase_Survey__FoodAPS__ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu12082354 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -