Intracanalicular antibiotic ointment loading as a management option for canaliculitis.Orbit. 2020 Aug 13 [Online ahead of print]O
The aim of the study is to describe intracanalicular antibiotic ointment loading as a treatment option for canaliculitis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
It was an interventional prospective study. The study was conducted over a 3 year period from June 2015 to June 2018. All patients of canaliculitis managed with intracanalicular antibiotic ointment loading and with a minimum follow up of 3 months were included in the study. The antibiotic ointment was loaded into the canaliculus based on the antibiotic sensitivity of the material expressed out from the canaliculus. Patients' demographics, clinical details, microbiological profile and management outcomes were evaluated.
A total of 24 patients were included in the study. Mean age at presentation was 58.41 ± 9.4 years. The right eye was involved in 15 (62.5%, p = .0424) cases. The incidence of lower canaliculus involvement (14, 58.33%, p = .022) was significantly higher as compared to the upper canaliculus (8, 33.33%). Staphylococcus epidermidis and Actinomyces israelii (6, 25%) were the most commonly isolated organisms. Mean number of intracanalicular antibiotic loading sessions required was 4.21 ± 1.69 (range 2-8). Complete resolution of canaliculitis was seen in all (100%) cases.
Canalicular antibiotic ointment loading is a minimally invasive, safe, and effective procedure. It preserves the anatomy and function of the punctum and canaliculus and can be considered as one of the management options for canaliculitis.