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Universal masking during COVID-19 pandemic: Can textile engineering help public health? Narrative review of the evidence.
Prev Med. 2020 10; 139:106236.PM

Abstract

The Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2 is spreading very quickly around the world. In less than 7 months since it became known to the international community, the virus has infected 18 million in more than 180 countries and killing more than 700,000 people. Person-to-person transmission through infected respiratory droplets from patients with symptoms and asymptomatic carriers is the main mode of spread in the community. There is currently no standard agreed upon drug to treat the disease and the prospect of having a safe and efficacious vaccine might be years away. Thus, public health interventions such as social distancing and hand washing have been introduced and has, to some extent, slowed the progression of the pandemic. Universal masking as a public health intervention is currently mandatory in a vast majority of countries around the world. To avoid personal protective equipment (PPE) shortage crisis for medical staff and other frontline workers, health authorities are recommending the use cloth masks. Although in theory, cloth masks can be helpful to limit the spread of the COVID-19, serious consideration should be given to the choice of textile, the number of layers of cloth used, pre-treatment of the material with water repellent material and other compounds that can enhance the filtration efficiency of the masks without compromising their breathability. This review uses concepts of textile engineering and the theoretical principles of filtration to make suggestions and recommendations to improve the quality and safety of cloth masks for the general public.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Surgery Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services, Canada; Division of Community Engagement, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: beesoon@ualberta.ca.Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Industries Textiles (ENSAIT), GEMTEX Laboratory, 2 allée Louise et Victor Champier BP 30329, 59056 Roubaix, France; Université de Lille, Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France.Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Industries Textiles (ENSAIT), GEMTEX Laboratory, 2 allée Louise et Victor Champier BP 30329, 59056 Roubaix, France; Université de Lille, Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32795645

Citation

Beesoon, Sanjay, et al. "Universal Masking During COVID-19 Pandemic: Can Textile Engineering Help Public Health? Narrative Review of the Evidence." Preventive Medicine, vol. 139, 2020, p. 106236.
Beesoon S, Behary N, Perwuelz A. Universal masking during COVID-19 pandemic: Can textile engineering help public health? Narrative review of the evidence. Prev Med. 2020;139:106236.
Beesoon, S., Behary, N., & Perwuelz, A. (2020). Universal masking during COVID-19 pandemic: Can textile engineering help public health? Narrative review of the evidence. Preventive Medicine, 139, 106236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106236
Beesoon S, Behary N, Perwuelz A. Universal Masking During COVID-19 Pandemic: Can Textile Engineering Help Public Health? Narrative Review of the Evidence. Prev Med. 2020;139:106236. PubMed PMID: 32795645.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Universal masking during COVID-19 pandemic: Can textile engineering help public health? Narrative review of the evidence. AU - Beesoon,Sanjay, AU - Behary,Nemeshwaree, AU - Perwuelz,Anne, Y1 - 2020/08/11/ PY - 2020/05/29/received PY - 2020/08/07/revised PY - 2020/08/09/accepted PY - 2020/8/17/pubmed PY - 2020/9/25/medline PY - 2020/8/16/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Electrostatic filtration KW - Fabric pore size KW - Face masks KW - Filtration efficiency KW - Mechanical filtration KW - Prevention KW - Public health KW - Respiratory droplets SP - 106236 EP - 106236 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 139 N2 - The Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2 is spreading very quickly around the world. In less than 7 months since it became known to the international community, the virus has infected 18 million in more than 180 countries and killing more than 700,000 people. Person-to-person transmission through infected respiratory droplets from patients with symptoms and asymptomatic carriers is the main mode of spread in the community. There is currently no standard agreed upon drug to treat the disease and the prospect of having a safe and efficacious vaccine might be years away. Thus, public health interventions such as social distancing and hand washing have been introduced and has, to some extent, slowed the progression of the pandemic. Universal masking as a public health intervention is currently mandatory in a vast majority of countries around the world. To avoid personal protective equipment (PPE) shortage crisis for medical staff and other frontline workers, health authorities are recommending the use cloth masks. Although in theory, cloth masks can be helpful to limit the spread of the COVID-19, serious consideration should be given to the choice of textile, the number of layers of cloth used, pre-treatment of the material with water repellent material and other compounds that can enhance the filtration efficiency of the masks without compromising their breathability. This review uses concepts of textile engineering and the theoretical principles of filtration to make suggestions and recommendations to improve the quality and safety of cloth masks for the general public. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32795645/Universal_masking_during_COVID_19_pandemic:_Can_textile_engineering_help_public_health_Narrative_review_of_the_evidence_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -