G-induced loss of consciousness: definition, history, current status.Aviat Space Environ Med. 1988 Jan; 59(1):2-5.AS
G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) is defined as "a state of altered perception wherein (one's) awareness of reality is absent as a result of sudden, critical reduction of cerebral blood circulation caused by increased G force." This phenomenon was first identified in Great Britain in World War I (circa 1918-1919) as "fainting in the air." In the United States G-LOC was first encountered in 1922 during the Pulitzer Trophy Air Race. Although recognized during World War II as an operational hazard for fighter aircraft, the invention of the pneumatic anti-G suit reduced concern about G-LOC at that time. A 1984 survey of pilots of high performance aircraft has shown G-LOC to be an operational problem--probably one that has caused aircraft mishaps for several years. The concern of this panel was to focus on various approaches in reducing the G-LOC hazard.