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Relationship among maximum hip isometric strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle force during running.
Phys Ther Sport. 2020 Sep; 45:188-196.PT

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine if there is a relationship among isometric hip strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle forces in cross-country runners during running.

DESIGN

Cross Sectional.

SETTING

University Biomechanics Laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS

Forty-six NCAA Division III collegiate cross-country runners (18 males, 28 females).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Pearson correlation coefficients were used to describe relationships among isometric hip strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle forces during the stance phase of running. Strength of correlations were interpreted as little to no relationship (r < 0.25), fair relationship (0.25 ≤ r < 0.5), moderate relationship (0.5 ≤ r < 0.75), and strong relationship (r ≥ 0.75). Correlations were considered significant if p < 0.05.

RESULTS

Little to no relationships were found among isometric hip strength and gluteal muscle forces during running (r < 0.25). A fair relationship was present between prone external rotation isometric hip strength and peak hip adduction (0.25 <r < 0.5). Little to no relationship was shown between gluteus medius force and hip internal rotation. Moderate relationships were present among peak gluteus medius and minimus muscle forces and peak hip adduction (0.5 <r < 0.75).

CONCLUSION

Isometric hip strength does not appear to be related to gluteal muscle forces and hip kinematics during the stance phase of running while gluteal muscle force was moderately related to hip adduction. Factors other than strength may be related to muscle force production and hip kinematics during running.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sports Physical Therapy, Gundersen Health System, 3111 Gundersen Drive, Onalaska, WI, 54650, United States; Endurance Sports Physical Therapy & Performance, 4940 W 35th Street, St. Louis Park, MN, 55416, United States.Department of Sports Physical Therapy, Gundersen Health System, 3111 Gundersen Drive, Onalaska, WI, 54650, United States; The University of Montana Physical Therapy Clinic, University of Montana, 32 Campus Drive, 129 Skaggs Building, Missoula, MT, 59812, United States.Department of Sports Physical Therapy, Gundersen Health System, 3111 Gundersen Drive, Onalaska, WI, 54650, United States; La Crosse Institute for Movement Science, University of Wisconsin, 1300 Badger Street, La Crosse, WI, 54601, United States. Electronic address: cnvannat@gundersenhealth.org.La Crosse Institute for Movement Science, University of Wisconsin, 1300 Badger Street, La Crosse, WI, 54601, United States; Health Professions Department, University of Wisconsin, 1300 Badger Street, La Crosse, WI, 54601, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32827794

Citation

Rodriguez, Michael W., et al. "Relationship Among Maximum Hip Isometric Strength, Hip Kinematics, and Peak Gluteal Muscle Force During Running." Physical Therapy in Sport : Official Journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine, vol. 45, 2020, pp. 188-196.
Rodriguez MW, Menhennett SA, Vannatta CN, et al. Relationship among maximum hip isometric strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle force during running. Phys Ther Sport. 2020;45:188-196.
Rodriguez, M. W., Menhennett, S. A., Vannatta, C. N., & Kernozek, T. W. (2020). Relationship among maximum hip isometric strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle force during running. Physical Therapy in Sport : Official Journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine, 45, 188-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.06.009
Rodriguez MW, et al. Relationship Among Maximum Hip Isometric Strength, Hip Kinematics, and Peak Gluteal Muscle Force During Running. Phys Ther Sport. 2020;45:188-196. PubMed PMID: 32827794.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship among maximum hip isometric strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle force during running. AU - Rodriguez,Michael W, AU - Menhennett,Sarah A, AU - Vannatta,C Nathan, AU - Kernozek,Thomas W, Y1 - 2020/07/20/ PY - 2020/04/03/received PY - 2020/06/15/revised PY - 2020/06/18/accepted PY - 2020/8/23/pubmed PY - 2020/8/23/medline PY - 2020/8/23/entrez KW - Biomechanics KW - Cross country KW - Injury KW - Performance SP - 188 EP - 196 JF - Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine JO - Phys Ther Sport VL - 45 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship among isometric hip strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle forces in cross-country runners during running. DESIGN: Cross Sectional. SETTING: University Biomechanics Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six NCAA Division III collegiate cross-country runners (18 males, 28 females). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pearson correlation coefficients were used to describe relationships among isometric hip strength, hip kinematics, and peak gluteal muscle forces during the stance phase of running. Strength of correlations were interpreted as little to no relationship (r < 0.25), fair relationship (0.25 ≤ r < 0.5), moderate relationship (0.5 ≤ r < 0.75), and strong relationship (r ≥ 0.75). Correlations were considered significant if p < 0.05. RESULTS: Little to no relationships were found among isometric hip strength and gluteal muscle forces during running (r < 0.25). A fair relationship was present between prone external rotation isometric hip strength and peak hip adduction (0.25 <r < 0.5). Little to no relationship was shown between gluteus medius force and hip internal rotation. Moderate relationships were present among peak gluteus medius and minimus muscle forces and peak hip adduction (0.5 <r < 0.75). CONCLUSION: Isometric hip strength does not appear to be related to gluteal muscle forces and hip kinematics during the stance phase of running while gluteal muscle force was moderately related to hip adduction. Factors other than strength may be related to muscle force production and hip kinematics during running. SN - 1873-1600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32827794/Relationship_among_maximum_hip_isometric_strength_hip_kinematics_and_peak_gluteal_muscle_force_during_running_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1466-853X(20)30468-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -