Effective in-situ reduction of Cr(VI) from leather wastewater by advanced reduction process based on CO2·- with visible-light photocatalyst.Chemosphere. 2021 Jan; 263:127898.C
Advanced reduction process (ARP) has drawn an increasing interest as a new manner for removing oxidative pollutants in water. In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility of in-situ reduction of Cr(VI) by CO2·- produced from formate originally existing in leather wastewater by visible-light-driven ARP containing black TiO2 photocatalyst. The prepared black TiO2 with nanotube structure achieves remarkable enhanced the reduction rate of Cr(VI) as high as 96.2% (k = 0.0114 min-1) in the presence of formate, which is approximately 4.75 times than that of 56.3% (k = 0.0024 min-1) in the absence under 120 min visible-light irradiate at unadjusted pH. The results exhibit a distinct contrast with commercial TiO2 (P25). A series of control experiments are also performed, indicating that formate is able to convert the oxidative environment into a highly reductive one, and the formate concentration, black TiO2 dosage and pH may greatly impact on the Cr(VI) reduction rate. According to the electron spin resonance (ESR) measurement, CO2·- radicals can be directly verified as dominate radical in this system. Moreover, this system appears to be attractive for creating photochemical systems where in-situ production of CO2·- radicals may be realized by using formate. Then this in-situ ARP system will provide a new perspective for the Cr(VI) removing, which makes leather wastewater treatment much easier and more sustainable in the future.