Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Role of maternal affect and regulatory strategies in toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation.
Infant Behav Dev. 2020 08; 60:101472.IB

Abstract

Using a moment-to-moment multilevel approach, we examined the relative effectiveness of (a) toddlers' lagged (i.e., previous-interval) regulatory strategies and toddlers' lagged expression of negative emotion, as moderated by maternal affect, and (b) maternal lagged regulatory strategies, on toddlers' current-interval (1) expression of negative emotion, and, (2) ability to delay gratification during a wait task. Two-level random coefficient models, with twelve repeated-measurement occasions (10 s-intervals) of observed behaviors (N = 1571) nested within 134 mother-toddler dyads from low-income families (67 girls; Mage = 25.77 months, SDage = 1.60) were examined. Cross-level interactions revealed that maternal positive affect buffered severity of toddlers' expression of negative emotion between lagged and current-intervals, while maternal negative affect disrupted toddlers' effective utilization of lagged regulatory strategies on current-interval expression of negative emotion. However, regardless of maternal affect, toddlers who displayed higher expression of negative emotion and utilized more regulatory strategies in lagged-intervals displayed greater delay of gratification in current-intervals. Also, as mothers displayed greater minimization of toddlers' emotional distress, higher physical restraint, and used fewer distractions, toddlers displayed more intense expression of negative emotion in subsequent intervals. Similarly, as mothers used higher physical restraint and fewer distractions, toddlers were less able to wait in subsequent intervals. Results illustrate the disruptive roles of maternal negative affect and unsupportive regulatory strategies on toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation. Together, these findings point to targeting maternal positive affect in combination with supportive regulatory strategies to promote toddlers' transition from external- to internal-regulation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, United States; Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University, United States. Electronic address: neda.senehi@cuanschutz.edu.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32858280

Citation

Senehi, Neda, and Holly E. Brophy-Herb. "Role of Maternal Affect and Regulatory Strategies in Toddlers' Emotion and Behavior Regulation." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 60, 2020, p. 101472.
Senehi N, Brophy-Herb HE. Role of maternal affect and regulatory strategies in toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation. Infant Behav Dev. 2020;60:101472.
Senehi, N., & Brophy-Herb, H. E. (2020). Role of maternal affect and regulatory strategies in toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation. Infant Behavior & Development, 60, 101472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2020.101472
Senehi N, Brophy-Herb HE. Role of Maternal Affect and Regulatory Strategies in Toddlers' Emotion and Behavior Regulation. Infant Behav Dev. 2020;60:101472. PubMed PMID: 32858280.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of maternal affect and regulatory strategies in toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation. AU - Senehi,Neda, AU - Brophy-Herb,Holly E, Y1 - 2020/08/25/ PY - 2019/09/19/received PY - 2020/02/21/revised PY - 2020/07/15/accepted PY - 2020/8/29/pubmed PY - 2021/6/8/medline PY - 2020/8/29/entrez KW - Delay of gratification KW - Emotion-regulation KW - Maternal affect KW - Maternal regulatory-strategies KW - Moment-to-moment dynamics KW - Toddlers’ regulatory-strategies SP - 101472 EP - 101472 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 60 N2 - Using a moment-to-moment multilevel approach, we examined the relative effectiveness of (a) toddlers' lagged (i.e., previous-interval) regulatory strategies and toddlers' lagged expression of negative emotion, as moderated by maternal affect, and (b) maternal lagged regulatory strategies, on toddlers' current-interval (1) expression of negative emotion, and, (2) ability to delay gratification during a wait task. Two-level random coefficient models, with twelve repeated-measurement occasions (10 s-intervals) of observed behaviors (N = 1571) nested within 134 mother-toddler dyads from low-income families (67 girls; Mage = 25.77 months, SDage = 1.60) were examined. Cross-level interactions revealed that maternal positive affect buffered severity of toddlers' expression of negative emotion between lagged and current-intervals, while maternal negative affect disrupted toddlers' effective utilization of lagged regulatory strategies on current-interval expression of negative emotion. However, regardless of maternal affect, toddlers who displayed higher expression of negative emotion and utilized more regulatory strategies in lagged-intervals displayed greater delay of gratification in current-intervals. Also, as mothers displayed greater minimization of toddlers' emotional distress, higher physical restraint, and used fewer distractions, toddlers displayed more intense expression of negative emotion in subsequent intervals. Similarly, as mothers used higher physical restraint and fewer distractions, toddlers were less able to wait in subsequent intervals. Results illustrate the disruptive roles of maternal negative affect and unsupportive regulatory strategies on toddlers' emotion and behavior regulation. Together, these findings point to targeting maternal positive affect in combination with supportive regulatory strategies to promote toddlers' transition from external- to internal-regulation. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32858280/Role_of_maternal_affect_and_regulatory_strategies_in_toddlers'_emotion_and_behavior_regulation_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -