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Anatomy and physiology of eustachian tube and middle ear related to otitis media.
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988 May; 81(5 Pt 2):997-1003.JA

Abstract

The middle ear is part of a functional system composed of the nasopharynx and the eustachian tube (anteriorly) and the mastoid air cells (posteriorly). The only active muscle that opens the eustachian tube is the tensor veli palatini, which promotes ventilation of the middle ear. The eustachian tube also functions to protect the middle ear from excessive sound pressure, and nasopharyngeal secretions. The eustachian tube helps drain the middle ear during opening and closing by pumping secretions from the middle ear; clearance of secretions also occurs. An understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the system can aid the clinician in understanding the role of eustachian tube dysfunction in the cause and pathogenesis of middle ear disease and the possible contribution of allergy to this disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Otitis Media Research Center, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, PA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3286738

Citation

Bluestone, C D., and W J. Doyle. "Anatomy and Physiology of Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear Related to Otitis Media." The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 81, no. 5 Pt 2, 1988, pp. 997-1003.
Bluestone CD, Doyle WJ. Anatomy and physiology of eustachian tube and middle ear related to otitis media. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988;81(5 Pt 2):997-1003.
Bluestone, C. D., & Doyle, W. J. (1988). Anatomy and physiology of eustachian tube and middle ear related to otitis media. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 81(5 Pt 2), 997-1003.
Bluestone CD, Doyle WJ. Anatomy and Physiology of Eustachian Tube and Middle Ear Related to Otitis Media. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1988;81(5 Pt 2):997-1003. PubMed PMID: 3286738.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anatomy and physiology of eustachian tube and middle ear related to otitis media. AU - Bluestone,C D, AU - Doyle,W J, PY - 1988/5/1/pubmed PY - 1988/5/1/medline PY - 1988/5/1/entrez SP - 997 EP - 1003 JF - The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology JO - J Allergy Clin Immunol VL - 81 IS - 5 Pt 2 N2 - The middle ear is part of a functional system composed of the nasopharynx and the eustachian tube (anteriorly) and the mastoid air cells (posteriorly). The only active muscle that opens the eustachian tube is the tensor veli palatini, which promotes ventilation of the middle ear. The eustachian tube also functions to protect the middle ear from excessive sound pressure, and nasopharyngeal secretions. The eustachian tube helps drain the middle ear during opening and closing by pumping secretions from the middle ear; clearance of secretions also occurs. An understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the system can aid the clinician in understanding the role of eustachian tube dysfunction in the cause and pathogenesis of middle ear disease and the possible contribution of allergy to this disease. SN - 0091-6749 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3286738/Anatomy_and_physiology_of_eustachian_tube_and_middle_ear_related_to_otitis_media_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0091-6749(88)90168-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -