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Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020 05; 43(4):384-393.JM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on muscle work and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebrae and femur in postmenopausal women.

METHODS

Forty-three postmenopausal women with low BMD were randomly assigned to WBV and control groups. Both groups received calcium and vitamin D supplementations once daily, while the WBV group additionally received WBV exercise (twice/wk) for 24 successive weeks. Qualisys gait analysis system was used to measure hip power generation by hip extensors (H1S) and flexors (H3S), hip power absorption by hip flexors (H2S), knee power absorption by quadriceps during loading response (K1S) and preswing (K3S), knee power absorption by hamstring (K4S), knee power generation by quadriceps (K2S), ankle power absorption by dorsiflexors (A1S) and plantar flexors (A2S), and ankle power generation by plantar flexors (A3S). Also, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur before and after the intervention.

RESULTS

There were significant increases (P < .05) in the hip muscle work (H1S, H2S, and H3S), knee muscle work (K1S, K2S, K3S, and K4S), ankle muscle work (A1S, A2S, and A3S) during gait, and BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur of the WBV group. However, there were no significant changes (P > .05) in the control group. The posttreatment values of the hip, knee, and ankle muscle work and BMD of the WBV group were significantly (P < .05) higher than the posttreatment values of the control group.

CONCLUSION

Whole-body vibration training improved the leg muscle work and lumbar and femoral BMD in postmenopausal women with low BMD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Therapy for Women's Health, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.Department of Biomechanics, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address: Amralmaz@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32868028

Citation

ElDeeb, Abeer M., and Amr A. Abdel-Aziem. "Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise On Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 43, no. 4, 2020, pp. 384-393.
ElDeeb AM, Abdel-Aziem AA. Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020;43(4):384-393.
ElDeeb, A. M., & Abdel-Aziem, A. A. (2020). Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 43(4), 384-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.12.003
ElDeeb AM, Abdel-Aziem AA. Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise On Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020;43(4):384-393. PubMed PMID: 32868028.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. AU - ElDeeb,Abeer M, AU - Abdel-Aziem,Amr A, Y1 - 2020/08/28/ PY - 2019/02/06/received PY - 2019/10/29/revised PY - 2019/12/05/accepted PY - 2020/9/2/pubmed PY - 2020/9/2/medline PY - 2020/9/2/entrez KW - Bone Density KW - Gait analysis KW - Osteoporosis KW - Postmenopause KW - Vibration SP - 384 EP - 393 JF - Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics JO - J Manipulative Physiol Ther VL - 43 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on muscle work and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebrae and femur in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Forty-three postmenopausal women with low BMD were randomly assigned to WBV and control groups. Both groups received calcium and vitamin D supplementations once daily, while the WBV group additionally received WBV exercise (twice/wk) for 24 successive weeks. Qualisys gait analysis system was used to measure hip power generation by hip extensors (H1S) and flexors (H3S), hip power absorption by hip flexors (H2S), knee power absorption by quadriceps during loading response (K1S) and preswing (K3S), knee power absorption by hamstring (K4S), knee power generation by quadriceps (K2S), ankle power absorption by dorsiflexors (A1S) and plantar flexors (A2S), and ankle power generation by plantar flexors (A3S). Also, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur before and after the intervention. RESULTS: There were significant increases (P < .05) in the hip muscle work (H1S, H2S, and H3S), knee muscle work (K1S, K2S, K3S, and K4S), ankle muscle work (A1S, A2S, and A3S) during gait, and BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur of the WBV group. However, there were no significant changes (P > .05) in the control group. The posttreatment values of the hip, knee, and ankle muscle work and BMD of the WBV group were significantly (P < .05) higher than the posttreatment values of the control group. CONCLUSION: Whole-body vibration training improved the leg muscle work and lumbar and femoral BMD in postmenopausal women with low BMD. SN - 1532-6586 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32868028/Effect_of_Whole_Body_Vibration_Exercise_on_Power_Profile_and_Bone_Mineral_Density_in_Postmenopausal_Women_With_Osteoporosis:_A_Randomized_Controlled_Trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-4754(20)30044-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -