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Associations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adult community volunteers.
J Affect Disord. 2020 11 01; 276:361-368.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Correlations between depressive symptoms and affective temperaments or quality of childhood parenting have been investigated previously; however, how childhood parenting and affective temperaments affect cognitive complaints remains unknown. Thus, we evaluated correlations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adults.

METHODS

Participants (N = 490) completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Cognitive Complaints in Bipolar Disorder Rating Assessment (COBRA). Multiple regression analyses and structural equation modeling were performed to evaluate scale correlations.

RESULTS

As per structural equation modeling, the direct effect of PHQ-9 and four subscales (cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, and anxious temperament) of TEMPS-A on COBRA were significant; the indirect effect of the four subscales of TEMPS-A on COBRA via PHQ-9 was significant; the direct effect of the three subscales (paternal care, maternal care, and maternal overprotection) of PBI on PHQ-9 and four subscales of TEMPS-A were significant; the indirect effect of the three subscales of PBI on PHQ-9 via the four subscales of TEMPS-A was significant.

LIMITATIONS

Cross-sectional designs cannot identify causal relationships between parameters. As participants were adult volunteers from the community, results may not be generalizable to individuals with psychiatric disorders.

CONCLUSIONS

Childhood parenting affects cognitive complaints indirectly via affective temperaments and depressive symptoms in adult community volunteers. An important role of affective temperaments and depressive symptoms in the effects of childhood parenting on cognitive complaints is suggested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: toyoshima@med.hokudai.ac.jp.Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan; Department of Psychiatry, Ibaraki Medical Center, Tokyo Medical University, Ami-machi, Inashiki-gun, Ibaraki 300-0395, Japan.Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32871666

Citation

Toyoshima, Kuniyoshi, et al. "Associations Among Childhood Parenting, Affective Temperaments, Depressive Symptoms, and Cognitive Complaints in Adult Community Volunteers." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 276, 2020, pp. 361-368.
Toyoshima K, Inoue T, Masuya J, et al. Associations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adult community volunteers. J Affect Disord. 2020;276:361-368.
Toyoshima, K., Inoue, T., Masuya, J., Fujimura, Y., Higashi, S., & Kusumi, I. (2020). Associations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adult community volunteers. Journal of Affective Disorders, 276, 361-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.07.107
Toyoshima K, et al. Associations Among Childhood Parenting, Affective Temperaments, Depressive Symptoms, and Cognitive Complaints in Adult Community Volunteers. J Affect Disord. 2020 11 1;276:361-368. PubMed PMID: 32871666.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adult community volunteers. AU - Toyoshima,Kuniyoshi, AU - Inoue,Takeshi, AU - Masuya,Jiro, AU - Fujimura,Yota, AU - Higashi,Shinji, AU - Kusumi,Ichiro, Y1 - 2020/07/21/ PY - 2020/03/30/received PY - 2020/05/28/revised PY - 2020/07/06/accepted PY - 2020/9/3/entrez PY - 2020/9/3/pubmed PY - 2021/2/16/medline KW - Affective temperament KW - Cognitive function KW - Depressive symptoms KW - General adult KW - Parental bonding SP - 361 EP - 368 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 276 N2 - BACKGROUND: Correlations between depressive symptoms and affective temperaments or quality of childhood parenting have been investigated previously; however, how childhood parenting and affective temperaments affect cognitive complaints remains unknown. Thus, we evaluated correlations among childhood parenting, affective temperaments, depressive symptoms, and cognitive complaints in adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 490) completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Cognitive Complaints in Bipolar Disorder Rating Assessment (COBRA). Multiple regression analyses and structural equation modeling were performed to evaluate scale correlations. RESULTS: As per structural equation modeling, the direct effect of PHQ-9 and four subscales (cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, and anxious temperament) of TEMPS-A on COBRA were significant; the indirect effect of the four subscales of TEMPS-A on COBRA via PHQ-9 was significant; the direct effect of the three subscales (paternal care, maternal care, and maternal overprotection) of PBI on PHQ-9 and four subscales of TEMPS-A were significant; the indirect effect of the three subscales of PBI on PHQ-9 via the four subscales of TEMPS-A was significant. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional designs cannot identify causal relationships between parameters. As participants were adult volunteers from the community, results may not be generalizable to individuals with psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood parenting affects cognitive complaints indirectly via affective temperaments and depressive symptoms in adult community volunteers. An important role of affective temperaments and depressive symptoms in the effects of childhood parenting on cognitive complaints is suggested. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32871666/Associations_among_childhood_parenting_affective_temperaments_depressive_symptoms_and_cognitive_complaints_in_adult_community_volunteers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(20)32552-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -