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Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates by Gender and Sexual Orientation.
J Interpers Violence. 2020 Sep 04 [Online ahead of print]JI

Abstract

Sexual minority adolescents are at greater risk for experiencing teen dating violence (TDV) in their dating relationships. Although adolescents in dating relationships often report experiencing and perpetrating various forms of TDV, the directionality of TDV based on youth's reported gender and sexual orientation is not known. A sample of 10th-grade students (N = 1,622) recruited from high schools in the Northeastern United States completed assessments of TDV victimization and perpetration and reported their past-month heavy alcohol use and marijuana use. Sexual minority girls (58%) and boys (36%) were more likely to experience TDV than heterosexual girls (38%) and boys (25%), respectively. Sexual minority boys were less likely, although the confidence intervals included one, to engage in dual-role physical TDV (odds ratio [OR] = 0.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.00, 1.26]) and threatening TDV (OR = 0.14, 95% CI [0.00, 1.02]), and instead were more likely to be victimized. In contrast, the profiles of TDV were similar for girls, with sexual minority girls only being more likely than heterosexual girls to report dual-role physical TDV (OR = 2.23, 95% CI [1.07, 4.66]). Compared with unidirectional TDV, bidirectional TDV was significantly associated with sexual minority girls' substance use, but not with heterosexual girls' substance use. Sexual minority youth report higher rates of TDV, with sexual minority boys being distinctly at-risk for being victimized within their dating relationships. Engagement in both TDV victimization and perpetration was distinctly associated with substance use for sexual minority girls, highlighting the need for integrated prevention efforts and support.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32886010

Citation

Norris, Alyssa L., et al. "Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates By Gender and Sexual Orientation." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2020, p. 886260520951308.
Norris AL, López G, Orchowski LM. Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates by Gender and Sexual Orientation. J Interpers Violence. 2020.
Norris, A. L., López, G., & Orchowski, L. M. (2020). Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates by Gender and Sexual Orientation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 886260520951308. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520951308
Norris AL, López G, Orchowski LM. Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates By Gender and Sexual Orientation. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Sep 4;886260520951308. PubMed PMID: 32886010.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Directionality of Dating Violence Among High School Youth: Rates and Correlates by Gender and Sexual Orientation. AU - Norris,Alyssa L, AU - López,Gabriela, AU - Orchowski,Lindsay M, Y1 - 2020/09/04/ PY - 2020/9/5/entrez PY - 2020/9/5/pubmed PY - 2020/9/5/medline KW - perpetration KW - sexual minority youth KW - teen dating violence KW - victimization SP - 886260520951308 EP - 886260520951308 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence N2 - Sexual minority adolescents are at greater risk for experiencing teen dating violence (TDV) in their dating relationships. Although adolescents in dating relationships often report experiencing and perpetrating various forms of TDV, the directionality of TDV based on youth's reported gender and sexual orientation is not known. A sample of 10th-grade students (N = 1,622) recruited from high schools in the Northeastern United States completed assessments of TDV victimization and perpetration and reported their past-month heavy alcohol use and marijuana use. Sexual minority girls (58%) and boys (36%) were more likely to experience TDV than heterosexual girls (38%) and boys (25%), respectively. Sexual minority boys were less likely, although the confidence intervals included one, to engage in dual-role physical TDV (odds ratio [OR] = 0.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.00, 1.26]) and threatening TDV (OR = 0.14, 95% CI [0.00, 1.02]), and instead were more likely to be victimized. In contrast, the profiles of TDV were similar for girls, with sexual minority girls only being more likely than heterosexual girls to report dual-role physical TDV (OR = 2.23, 95% CI [1.07, 4.66]). Compared with unidirectional TDV, bidirectional TDV was significantly associated with sexual minority girls' substance use, but not with heterosexual girls' substance use. Sexual minority youth report higher rates of TDV, with sexual minority boys being distinctly at-risk for being victimized within their dating relationships. Engagement in both TDV victimization and perpetration was distinctly associated with substance use for sexual minority girls, highlighting the need for integrated prevention efforts and support. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32886010/Directionality_of_Dating_Violence_Among_High_School_Youth:_Rates_and_Correlates_by_Gender_and_Sexual_Orientation_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260520951308?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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