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Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. A Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019.
J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2020 Summer; 40(3):158-168.JC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Evidence of novice mentoring's successes in having senior clinicians support junior doctors and/or medical students in their clinical, academic, and research goals has spurred efforts to include mentoring in the core medical curriculum. However, lack of effective structuring threatens the viability of mentoring programs, precipitating ethical concerns about mentoring. This review aims to answer the question "what is known about mentoring structures in novice mentoring among medical students and junior doctors in medicine and surgery postings?," which will guide the design of a consistent structure to novice mentoring.

METHODS

Levac (2010)'s framework was used to guide this systematic scoping review of mentoring programs in medicine and surgery published between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2019 in PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Embase, Scopus, Mednar, and OpenGrey. A "split approach" involving concurrent independent use of a directed content analysis and thematic approach was used to analyze included articles.

RESULTS

Three thousand three hundred ninety-five abstracts were identified. There was concordance between the 3 themes and categories identified in analyzing the 71 included articles. These were the host organization, mentoring stages, and evaluations.

CONCLUSION

The data reveal the need for balance between ensuring consistency and flexibility to meet the individual needs of stakeholders throughout the stages of the mentoring process. The Generic Mentoring Framework provides a structured approach to "balancing" flexibility and consistency in mentoring processes. The Generic Mentoring Framework is reliant upon appropriate, holistic, and longitudinal assessments of the mentoring process to guide adaptations to mentoring processes and ensure effective support and oversight of the program.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mr. Chua: Fourth year medical student, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Ms. Cheong: Fourth year medical student, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, and Division of Palliative Medicine, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore. Ms. Lee: Fourth year medical student, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Dr. Koh: Medical officer, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore. Dr Toh is an Adjunct Lecturer at the Division of Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Dr. Toh: National University Hospital Singapore, Family Medicine Residency, Singapore. Dr. Mason: Research and Development Lead, Palliative Care Institute Liverpool, Academic Palliative & End of Life Care Centre, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Dr. Krishna: Senior Consultant, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Division of Palliative Medicine, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore, National University Hospital Singapore, Family Medicine Residency, Singapore, Palliative Care Institute Liverpool, Academic Palliative & End of Life Care Centre, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, and Centre of Biomedical Ethics, National University of Singapore, Singapore.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32898120

Citation

Chua, Wen Jie, et al. "Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. a Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019." The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, vol. 40, no. 3, 2020, pp. 158-168.
Chua WJ, Cheong CWS, Lee FQH, et al. Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. A Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2020;40(3):158-168.
Chua, W. J., Cheong, C. W. S., Lee, F. Q. H., Koh, E. Y. H., Toh, Y. P., Mason, S., & Krishna, L. K. R. (2020). Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. A Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 40(3), 158-168. https://doi.org/10.1097/CEH.0000000000000308
Chua WJ, et al. Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. a Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2020;40(3):158-168. PubMed PMID: 32898120.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Structuring Mentoring in Medicine and Surgery. A Systematic Scoping Review of Mentoring Programs Between 2000 and 2019. AU - Chua,Wen Jie, AU - Cheong,Clarissa Wei Shuen, AU - Lee,Fion Qian Hui, AU - Koh,Eugene Yong Hian, AU - Toh,Ying Pin, AU - Mason,Stephen, AU - Krishna,Lalit Kumar Radha, PY - 2020/9/9/pubmed PY - 2020/9/9/medline PY - 2020/9/8/entrez SP - 158 EP - 168 JF - The Journal of continuing education in the health professions JO - J Contin Educ Health Prof VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Evidence of novice mentoring's successes in having senior clinicians support junior doctors and/or medical students in their clinical, academic, and research goals has spurred efforts to include mentoring in the core medical curriculum. However, lack of effective structuring threatens the viability of mentoring programs, precipitating ethical concerns about mentoring. This review aims to answer the question "what is known about mentoring structures in novice mentoring among medical students and junior doctors in medicine and surgery postings?," which will guide the design of a consistent structure to novice mentoring. METHODS: Levac (2010)'s framework was used to guide this systematic scoping review of mentoring programs in medicine and surgery published between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2019 in PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Embase, Scopus, Mednar, and OpenGrey. A "split approach" involving concurrent independent use of a directed content analysis and thematic approach was used to analyze included articles. RESULTS: Three thousand three hundred ninety-five abstracts were identified. There was concordance between the 3 themes and categories identified in analyzing the 71 included articles. These were the host organization, mentoring stages, and evaluations. CONCLUSION: The data reveal the need for balance between ensuring consistency and flexibility to meet the individual needs of stakeholders throughout the stages of the mentoring process. The Generic Mentoring Framework provides a structured approach to "balancing" flexibility and consistency in mentoring processes. The Generic Mentoring Framework is reliant upon appropriate, holistic, and longitudinal assessments of the mentoring process to guide adaptations to mentoring processes and ensure effective support and oversight of the program. SN - 1554-558X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32898120/Structuring_Mentoring_in_Medicine_and_Surgery__A_Systematic_Scoping_Review_of_Mentoring_Programs_Between_2000_and_2019_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/CEH.0000000000000308 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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