Immunological cross-recognition and neutralization studies of Micrurus mipartitus and Micrurus dumerilii venoms by two therapeutic equine antivenoms.Biologicals. 2020 Nov; 68:40-45.B
New world Coral snakes comprise 82 species of medical importance distributed from southeastern United States to Argentina. In Colombia, Micrurus mipartitus and M. dumerilii are responsible for most coral snakebite accidents. Although infrequent, the severity of these envenomings, as well as the limited information available on the neutralizing coverage of commercially available antivenoms, underscores the need to perform studies to assess the cross-neutralizing ability of these life-saving immunobiologicals. In the present work, we evaluated the cross-recognition and neutralization ability of two equine therapeutic antivenoms: PROBIOL and SAC-ICP. PROBIOL antivenom showed cross-recognition towards both M. mipartitus and M. dumerilii venoms, with a significantly higher binding to the latter in both whole-venom ELISA and fractionated-venom immunoprofiling. In contrast, SAC-ICP antivenom cross-recognized M. dumerilii venom, but not that of M. mipartitus. Lethality of M. dumerilii venom was neutralized by both antivenoms, with a slightly higher potency for the SAC-ICP antivenom. However, the lethality of M. mipartitus venom was not neutralized by any of the two antivenoms. Results uncover the need to include M. mipartitus venom, or its most relevant toxins, in the production of coral snake antivenoms to be used in Colombia, to assure the neutralizing coverage for this species.