Effect of gamma irradiation on physico-mechanical and structural properties of active Farsi gum-CMC films containing Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil and lignocellulose nanofibers for meat packaging.J Food Sci. 2020 Oct; 85(10):3498-3508.JF
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of gamma irradiation (0, 2.5, and 5 kGy) on physico-mechanical and structural characteristics of films based on Farsi gum-carboxymethyl cellulose supplemented with Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil (ZEO; 0%, 1%, and 2%) and lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNF; 0%, 1%, and 2%), and their application on fresh minced beef meat's shelf-life during refrigerated temperature (4 ± 1 °C) for 16 days. Gamma irradiation under the 60 Co source at 2.5 and 5 kGy doses did not have a significant effect on thickness, tensile strength, swelling index, oxygen permeability, and water vapor transmission rate of prepared films (P > 0.05). The best microbiological (total viable count, psychrotrophic bacterial count, Pseudomonas spp., Brochothrix thermosphacta, lactic acid bacteria, and Enterobacteriaceae) and chemical (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, total volatile base nitrogen content, and peroxide value) properties were recorded for samples packaged with ZEO 2% + LCNF 2%, followed by ZEO 2% + LCNF 1%, ZEO 1% + LCNF 2%, and ZEO 1% + LCNF 1%. These results indicate acceptable extensions of hurdle technology for prolonged refrigeration of minced beef meat. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The application of active packaging films has received considerable interest in extending the shelf-life of perishable foods during prolonged chilled storage. The effects of active Farsi gum-carboxymethyl cellulose films supplemented with Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil 2% + lignocellulose nanofibers 2% resulted in delaying lipid oxidation and microbial spoilage growth of refrigerated minced beef meat and consequently extending the shelf-life during storage for at least 16 days.