The Role of Noncoding RNAs in Gout.Endocrinology. 2020 11 01; 161(11)E
Over the past decade, noncoding ribonucleic acids (ncRNAs) have been shown to have crucial functional importance in health and disease. ncRNAs have been well studied and may be involved in the development of inflammatory arthritis, including gouty arthritis. Gout is also associated with metabolic pathway disorders, such as hyperuricemia, due to disturbed purine nucleotide metabolism or excretion of uric acid through the kidney. Moreover, their presence in the circulation has led to the idea that ncRNAs might serve as biomarkers for specific disease states to guide clinical decision-making. Therefore, we summarize the emerging evidence and review the current literature on the regulatory role of miRNAs and lncRNAs in gout pathophysiology. We further discuss the opportunities and challenges of ncRNAs as new blood-based biomarkers for future studies aimed at translation into clinical applications in the diagnosis and therapy of gout.