Effects of perioperative magnesium sulfate with controlled hypotension on intraoperative bleeding and postoperative ecchymosis and edema in open rhinoplasty.Am J Otolaryngol. 2020 Nov - Dec; 41(6):102722.AJ
This randomized, double-blind study was planned to evaluate the effect of perioperative magnesium sulfate with controlled hypotension on intraoperative bleeding, postoperative ecchymosis and edema, and side-effects.
MATERIALS AND METHOD
Forty-nine patients undergoing open rhinoplasty were divided into two groups - magnesium sulfate and control. The magnesium sulfate group received 30-50 mg·kg-1 intravenously as a bolus before induction of anesthesia, followed by 10-20 mg·kg-1 h-1 by continuous intravenous infusion during surgery. Anesthesia was induced with propofol 3 mg·kg-1, fentanyl 15 μg·kg-1 and cisatracurium 0.6 mg·kg-1. Mean arterial pressure was maintained at 50 to 60 mmHg under controlled hypotensive anesthesia with magnesium sulfate titration. Hemodynamic variables, operational bleeding, early postoperative side-effects and postoperative first-, third- and seventh-day ecchymosis and edema were compared between the groups. Ecchymosis and edema were evaluated using a graded scale from 0 to 4.
In the magnesium sulfate group, mean arterial pressure decreased during most of the perioperative period. Intraoperative bleeding also decreased. A distinct reduction in ecchymosis and edema was observed in both the upper and lower eyelids on the first, third and seventh days. Patients in the magnesium sulfate group also had a more peaceful postoperative course with less postoperative nausea vomiting, and shivering.
Magnesium sulfate with controlled hypotension can lower ecchymosis and edema of the upper and lower eyelids in rhinoplasty surgery by reducing bleeding.