Cutaneous Pharmacokinetics of Acyclovir Cream 5% Products: Evaluating Bioequivalence with an In Vitro Permeation Test and an Adaptation of Scaled Average Bioequivalence.Pharm Res. 2020 Oct 01; 37(10):210.PR
The in vitro permeation test (IVPT) with a new statistical approach was investigated to evaluate the utility of an IVPT methodology as a sensitive tool to support a demonstration of bioequivalence (BE) for topical dermatological drug products.
IVPT experiments were performed utilizing ex vivo human skin. The initial screening tests involved four differently formulated acyclovir 5% creams: the U.S. Zovirax® as the reference product and the U.K. Zovirax®, Aciclovir 1A Pharma® and Aciclostad® as test products. Subsequently, a pivotal BE study was conducted comparing the two Zovirax® creams. The resulting data was used to evaluate BE of test (T) versus reference (R), T versus T, and R versus R, with an adaption of scaled average BE approach to address high variability in IVPT data.
More acyclovir permeated into and through the skin from the two Zovirax® creams compared to the two non-Zovirax® creams. The U.S. Zovirax® cream showed a significantly higher Jmax and total amount permeated over 48 h, compared to the U.K. Zovirax® cream. The statistical analysis indicated that the test and reference products were not bioequivalent, whereas each product tested against itself was shown to be bioequivalent.
The current study demonstrated that the IVPT method, with an appropriate statistical analysis of the results, is a sensitive and discriminating test that can detect differences in the rate and extent of acyclovir bioavailability in the skin from differently formulated cream products.