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Distance learning in clinical medical education amid COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan: current situation, challenges, and perspectives.
BMC Med Educ. 2020 Oct 02; 20(1):341.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

As COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic disease by the WHO on March 11th, 2020, the global incidence of COVID-19 disease increased dramatically. In response to the COVID-19 situation, Jordan announced the emergency state on the 19th of March, followed by the curfew on 21 March. All educational institutions have been closed as well as educational activities including clinical medical education have been suspended on the 15th of March. As a result, Distance E-learning emerged as a new method of teaching to maintain the continuity of medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic related closure of educational institutions. Distance E-Learning is defined as using computer technology to deliver training, including technology-supported learning either online, offline, or both. Before this period, distance learning was not considered in Jordanian universities as a modality for education. This study aims to explore the situation of distance E-learning among medical students during their clinical years and to identify possible challenges, limitations, satisfaction as well as perspectives for this approach to learning.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study is based on a questionnaire that was designed and delivered to medical students in their clinical years. For this study, the estimated sample size (n = 588) is derived from the online Raosoft sample size calculator.

RESULTS

A total of 652 students have completed the questionnaire, among them, 538 students (82.5%) have participated in distance learning in their medical schools amid COVID-19 pandemic. The overall satisfaction rate in medical distance learning was 26.8%, and it was significantly higher in students with previous experience in distance learning in their medical schools as well as when instructors were actively participating in learning sessions, using multimedia and devoting adequate time for their sessions. The delivery of educational material using synchronous live streaming sessions represented the major modality of teaching and Internet streaming quality and coverage was the main challenge that was reported by 69.1% of students.

CONCLUSION

With advances in technologies and social media, distance learning is a new and rapidly growing approach for undergraduate, postgraduate, and health care providers. It may represent an optimal solution to maintain learning processes in exceptional and emergency situations such as COVID-19 pandemic. Technical and infrastructural resources reported as a major challenge for implementing distance learning, so understanding technological, financial, institutional, educators, and student barriers are essential for the successful implementation of distance learning in medical education.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of General and Special Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan. mahmoud_albalas@hu.edu.jo.Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Balqa Applied University, Salt, Jordan.Transplant and Hepatopancreaticobiliary Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.General and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of General and Special Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.General and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Mu'tah, Jordan.Pediatric surgery, Department of general surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University, Irbid, Jordan.Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33008392

Citation

Al-Balas, Mahmoud, et al. "Distance Learning in Clinical Medical Education Amid COVID-19 Pandemic in Jordan: Current Situation, Challenges, and Perspectives." BMC Medical Education, vol. 20, no. 1, 2020, p. 341.
Al-Balas M, Al-Balas HI, Jaber HM, et al. Distance learning in clinical medical education amid COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan: current situation, challenges, and perspectives. BMC Med Educ. 2020;20(1):341.
Al-Balas, M., Al-Balas, H. I., Jaber, H. M., Obeidat, K., Al-Balas, H., Aborajooh, E. A., Al-Taher, R., & Al-Balas, B. (2020). Distance learning in clinical medical education amid COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan: current situation, challenges, and perspectives. BMC Medical Education, 20(1), 341. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02257-4
Al-Balas M, et al. Distance Learning in Clinical Medical Education Amid COVID-19 Pandemic in Jordan: Current Situation, Challenges, and Perspectives. BMC Med Educ. 2020 Oct 2;20(1):341. PubMed PMID: 33008392.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Distance learning in clinical medical education amid COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan: current situation, challenges, and perspectives. AU - Al-Balas,Mahmoud, AU - Al-Balas,Hasan Ibrahim, AU - Jaber,Hatim M, AU - Obeidat,Khaled, AU - Al-Balas,Hamzeh, AU - Aborajooh,Emad A, AU - Al-Taher,Raed, AU - Al-Balas,Bayan, Y1 - 2020/10/02/ PY - 2020/06/05/received PY - 2020/09/24/accepted PY - 2020/10/3/entrez PY - 2020/10/4/pubmed PY - 2020/10/9/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - Distance learning KW - E-learning KW - Medical education SP - 341 EP - 341 JF - BMC medical education JO - BMC Med Educ VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: As COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic disease by the WHO on March 11th, 2020, the global incidence of COVID-19 disease increased dramatically. In response to the COVID-19 situation, Jordan announced the emergency state on the 19th of March, followed by the curfew on 21 March. All educational institutions have been closed as well as educational activities including clinical medical education have been suspended on the 15th of March. As a result, Distance E-learning emerged as a new method of teaching to maintain the continuity of medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic related closure of educational institutions. Distance E-Learning is defined as using computer technology to deliver training, including technology-supported learning either online, offline, or both. Before this period, distance learning was not considered in Jordanian universities as a modality for education. This study aims to explore the situation of distance E-learning among medical students during their clinical years and to identify possible challenges, limitations, satisfaction as well as perspectives for this approach to learning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on a questionnaire that was designed and delivered to medical students in their clinical years. For this study, the estimated sample size (n = 588) is derived from the online Raosoft sample size calculator. RESULTS: A total of 652 students have completed the questionnaire, among them, 538 students (82.5%) have participated in distance learning in their medical schools amid COVID-19 pandemic. The overall satisfaction rate in medical distance learning was 26.8%, and it was significantly higher in students with previous experience in distance learning in their medical schools as well as when instructors were actively participating in learning sessions, using multimedia and devoting adequate time for their sessions. The delivery of educational material using synchronous live streaming sessions represented the major modality of teaching and Internet streaming quality and coverage was the main challenge that was reported by 69.1% of students. CONCLUSION: With advances in technologies and social media, distance learning is a new and rapidly growing approach for undergraduate, postgraduate, and health care providers. It may represent an optimal solution to maintain learning processes in exceptional and emergency situations such as COVID-19 pandemic. Technical and infrastructural resources reported as a major challenge for implementing distance learning, so understanding technological, financial, institutional, educators, and student barriers are essential for the successful implementation of distance learning in medical education. SN - 1472-6920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33008392/Distance_learning_in_clinical_medical_education_amid_COVID_19_pandemic_in_Jordan:_current_situation_challenges_and_perspectives_ L2 - https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909-020-02257-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -