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Evolution of emergency medical calls during a pandemic - An emergency medical service during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Am J Emerg Med. 2021 05; 43:260-266.AJ

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are expected to be affected by a pandemic outbreak. However, the available data about trends and extents of these effects is limited.

METHODS

We analyzed numbers of ambulance calls for all 136 diagnosis codes used by Magen David Adom (MDA), Israel's national EMS during 121 days between January 01 and April 30, 2020.

RESULTS

There was an increase in calls for COVID-19 symptoms (cough, fever, throat pain). This trend followed the same shape as the curve for confirmed COVID-19 patients. Trends were found to increase for calls not followed by transport to the hospital as well as in calls for mental or psychiatric causes. Simultaneously, there was a decrease in calls for cardiovascular issues, pneumonia, and all injuries.

CONCLUSION

Understanding these correlations may allow better preparedness of the EMS and a better response towards the public needs in the period of an epidemic or a pandemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Magen David Adom, Tel Aviv-Jaffo, Israel; Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.Magen David Adom, Tel Aviv-Jaffo, Israel. Electronic address: RomanS@mda.org.il.Magen David Adom, Tel Aviv-Jaffo, Israel.Magen David Adom, Tel Aviv-Jaffo, Israel.

Pub Type(s)

Letter

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33008702

Citation

Jaffe, Eli, et al. "Evolution of Emergency Medical Calls During a Pandemic - an Emergency Medical Service During the COVID-19 Outbreak." The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 43, 2021, pp. 260-266.
Jaffe E, Sonkin R, Strugo R, et al. Evolution of emergency medical calls during a pandemic - An emergency medical service during the COVID-19 outbreak. Am J Emerg Med. 2021;43:260-266.
Jaffe, E., Sonkin, R., Strugo, R., & Zerath, E. (2021). Evolution of emergency medical calls during a pandemic - An emergency medical service during the COVID-19 outbreak. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 43, 260-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.06.039
Jaffe E, et al. Evolution of Emergency Medical Calls During a Pandemic - an Emergency Medical Service During the COVID-19 Outbreak. Am J Emerg Med. 2021;43:260-266. PubMed PMID: 33008702.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evolution of emergency medical calls during a pandemic - An emergency medical service during the COVID-19 outbreak. AU - Jaffe,Eli, AU - Sonkin,Roman, AU - Strugo,Refael, AU - Zerath,Erik, Y1 - 2020/06/26/ PY - 2020/06/09/received PY - 2020/06/13/accepted PY - 2020/10/4/pubmed PY - 2021/5/12/medline PY - 2020/10/3/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - Coronavirus KW - Emergency medical services KW - Epidemics KW - Infectious diseases KW - Pandemics SP - 260 EP - 266 JF - The American journal of emergency medicine JO - Am J Emerg Med VL - 43 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are expected to be affected by a pandemic outbreak. However, the available data about trends and extents of these effects is limited. METHODS: We analyzed numbers of ambulance calls for all 136 diagnosis codes used by Magen David Adom (MDA), Israel's national EMS during 121 days between January 01 and April 30, 2020. RESULTS: There was an increase in calls for COVID-19 symptoms (cough, fever, throat pain). This trend followed the same shape as the curve for confirmed COVID-19 patients. Trends were found to increase for calls not followed by transport to the hospital as well as in calls for mental or psychiatric causes. Simultaneously, there was a decrease in calls for cardiovascular issues, pneumonia, and all injuries. CONCLUSION: Understanding these correlations may allow better preparedness of the EMS and a better response towards the public needs in the period of an epidemic or a pandemic. SN - 1532-8171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33008702/Evolution_of_emergency_medical_calls_during_a_pandemic___An_emergency_medical_service_during_the_COVID_19_outbreak_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0735-6757(20)30527-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -