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Overnutrition and Associated Factors: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia.
J Nutr Metab. 2020; 2020:3670895.JN

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Childhood overnutrition is a public health problem in low- and middle-income countries because its effect is likely to progress into adulthood that results in developing noncommunicable diseases at a younger age. There is no such previous comparative study that investigated this issue. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of overnutrition among government and private primary school students in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia.

METHODS

Institution-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from March 5 to April 9, 2019. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 736 participants. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. Data was entered into EPI-info version 7.2.1.0 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regressions were carried out to identify associated factors with overnutrition. Statistical significance was declared using p value< 0.05.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of overnutrition was 9.1%. The prevalence was higher among private schools (51 (14%)) than government (16 (4.3%)). Eating habit while watching television (AOR = 4.08, 95%CI: 1.10-15.16) and not having close friend (AOR = 3.72, 95%: CI: 1.21-2 11.48) were significantly associated with overnutrition in the government schools, while no father education (AOR = 2.59, 95%:CI:1.05-6.39), sweet food preference (AOR = 2.86, 95%:1.19-6.87), fat consumption more than three days per week (AOR = 3.79, 95%CI:1.61-8.91), eating habit while reading (AOR = 4.95, 95%CI:2.29-10.70), and vigorous-intensity sports (AOR = 2.23, 95%:1.02-4.86) were associated with overnutrition in private schools.

CONCLUSION

Prevalence of overnutrition was higher among private than government schools. Hence, it requires attention through creating awareness about healthy diet, healthy lifestyle, and physical activity in collaboration with health and education sectors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Comprehensive Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Pediatrics and Child Health Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

33062323

Citation

Ali, Mohammed Sied, et al. "Overnutrition and Associated Factors: a Comparative Cross-Sectional Study Between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia." Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 2020, 2020, p. 3670895.
Ali MS, Kassahun CW, Wubneh CA. Overnutrition and Associated Factors: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. J Nutr Metab. 2020;2020:3670895.
Ali, M. S., Kassahun, C. W., & Wubneh, C. A. (2020). Overnutrition and Associated Factors: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2020, 3670895. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3670895
Ali MS, Kassahun CW, Wubneh CA. Overnutrition and Associated Factors: a Comparative Cross-Sectional Study Between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. J Nutr Metab. 2020;2020:3670895. PubMed PMID: 33062323.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overnutrition and Associated Factors: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study between Government and Private Primary School Students in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. AU - Ali,Mohammed Sied, AU - Kassahun,Chanyalew Worku, AU - Wubneh,Chalachew Adugna, Y1 - 2020/10/01/ PY - 2020/04/10/received PY - 2020/09/14/revised PY - 2020/09/17/accepted PY - 2020/10/16/entrez PY - 2020/10/17/pubmed PY - 2020/10/17/medline SP - 3670895 EP - 3670895 JF - Journal of nutrition and metabolism JO - J Nutr Metab VL - 2020 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Childhood overnutrition is a public health problem in low- and middle-income countries because its effect is likely to progress into adulthood that results in developing noncommunicable diseases at a younger age. There is no such previous comparative study that investigated this issue. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of overnutrition among government and private primary school students in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from March 5 to April 9, 2019. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 736 participants. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. Data was entered into EPI-info version 7.2.1.0 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regressions were carried out to identify associated factors with overnutrition. Statistical significance was declared using p value< 0.05. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of overnutrition was 9.1%. The prevalence was higher among private schools (51 (14%)) than government (16 (4.3%)). Eating habit while watching television (AOR = 4.08, 95%CI: 1.10-15.16) and not having close friend (AOR = 3.72, 95%: CI: 1.21-2 11.48) were significantly associated with overnutrition in the government schools, while no father education (AOR = 2.59, 95%:CI:1.05-6.39), sweet food preference (AOR = 2.86, 95%:1.19-6.87), fat consumption more than three days per week (AOR = 3.79, 95%CI:1.61-8.91), eating habit while reading (AOR = 4.95, 95%CI:2.29-10.70), and vigorous-intensity sports (AOR = 2.23, 95%:1.02-4.86) were associated with overnutrition in private schools. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of overnutrition was higher among private than government schools. Hence, it requires attention through creating awareness about healthy diet, healthy lifestyle, and physical activity in collaboration with health and education sectors. SN - 2090-0724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/33062323/Overnutrition_and_Associated_Factors:_A_Comparative_Cross_Sectional_Study_between_Government_and_Private_Primary_School_Students_in_Gondar_Town_Northwest_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3670895 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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