Antiulcer Activity of Steamed Ginger Extract against Ethanol/HCl-Induced Gastric Mucosal Injury in Rats.Molecules. 2020 Oct 13; 25(20)M
Ginger (Zingiber officianale), the most widely consumed species, is traditionally used as a folk medicine to treat some inflammatory diseases in China and Korea. However, the functional activity of steamed ginger extract on gastric ulcers has not been previously explored. The present study aimed to investigate antiulcer activity of steamed ginger extract (GGE03) against ethanol (EtOH)/HCl-induced gastric ulcers in a rat model. GGE03 (100 mg/kg) was orally administered for 14 days to rats before oral intubation of an EtOH/HCl mixture to induce gastric damage. Pretreatment with GGE03 markedly protected the formation of microscopic pathological damage in the gastric mucosa. Further, administration of GGE03 significantly increased mucosal total nitrate/nitrite production in gastric tissues, and elevated total GSH content, catalase activity and superoxide dismutase (SOD) expression as well as decreasing lipid peroxidation and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Underlying protective mechanisms were examined by assessing inflammation-related genes, including nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and pro-inflammatory cytokines levels. GGE03 administration significantly reduced the expression of NF-κB and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Our findings suggest that GGE03 possesses antiulcer activity by attenuating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses.